A few words about oddities, unexplained and unexplained
In the history of the last campaign of Igor Dyatlov, there is another highly interesting moment from the point of view of the version of the "controlled delivery", which, however, has not yet attracted the interest of "professional researchers" of this tragedy. Their inattention to this episode proves once again with obvious evidence that these very "researchers" did not understand how the Soviet system of preserving state secrets worked: naive boy-kibalchish see truly fantastic intrigues of the "vicious KGB" in maceration of Rustem Slobodin's feet and setting up a tent on the slope of Holat-Syahyl , but at the same time unable to assess events and evidence are really suspicious.
What is it about?
To begin with, a quote from the campaign diary of the group, especially in order to not burden the reader with the author's speech: "January 24. The station was met with horror as hospitable: they did not let in the room, and the policeman pricked up his ears; in the city everything is calm, no crimes and violations, as under communism; and then Yu Krivo tightened the song, he was seized and taken away at once. Noting for the memory of Mr. Krivonischenko, the sergeant gave an explanation that paragraph 3 of the rules int. The order at the stations forbids violating the peace of passengers. This is probably the first station where songs are banned and where we were sitting without them. "But the stories about the same incident in the diaries of the participants of the campaign. Zinaida Kolmogorova: "25.01.59 (...) Yes, we have already been seen by the police twice. Once at the police station Yuri Kriv was taken. He wanted to raise money for sweets. It was funny. (...) ". But the recording by Lyudmila Dubinina: "January 24. (...) There was one small incident - Yurk K. was taken to the police, accusing him of deception. Our Yura decided to walk with a hat vokurg station, and with the execution of a song. Yuri had to help out (...). "
It's hard to say exactly how Luda Dubinina helped Georgiy Krivonischenko from the police station at the Serov station - whether she pounded on the table, threatened to punish "for abuse of office", whether she bribed a bribe, or simply looked at me kindly in the eyes - but I think that in fact, Yura did without her help.
What happened at the railway station in the city of Serov at 7 am on January 24, 1959? Formally speaking, Georgy Krivonischenko, who was dissatisfied with the stinginess of Ludmila Dubinina's manager, who did not give out pocket money, decided to take up the collection of alms, in other words, whether he painted himself as a "cabbage of the transitional" or "ordinary beggar," and with a hat at the ready and a song for the whole the throat went around the station. We know that Krivonischenko and Slobodin were male artistic - they played different musical instruments (guitar, mandolin, accordion), sang well and were not deprived of the gift that the artists call "scenic charm". So in fact, in fact, the chanting in a public place is not seemingly anything unusual (the author should modestly admit that in the distant student years he screamed madly in building teams, in the pursuit of the girls he walked along the eaves of the fifth floor and even jumped from the third floor on the bare ground without any damage to health, by the way! So, this kind of emotional outbursts are quite understandable.). However, in the history of the "how Georgy Krivonischenko collected alms" there are a few absurdities that make it look very unreliable and illogical.
To start with, the station in Serov was closed by the time the group arrived. In other words, the station buffet was also closed and the collection of money to buy candies there was devoid of any meaning. But okay, we can assume that the buffet would open in half an hour - we will believe in this unconditionally. However, if we recall that in the pockets of the members of the group, almost 2000 rubles were put up. of cash, then the collection of the notorious "alms" is altogether deprived of any rational meaning. How much would Krivonischenko's cripples be squandered by compassionate grandmothers and children, clinging to each other in the wind under the peak of the roof of the locked station? 3 rubles.? 5 rubles. copper coins? Does someone think that in his hat some jerk would throw a whole ruble or a chervonetz? Of course, no, no one would have given George such money. With a particularly persistent molestation, at best, he could be advised to "wash his face and go to work", and at worst - would be smeared properly "over the shchi". The city knows something - the Urals, the worker. Our people, of course, stay and are compassionate, but only to certain boundaries, and then from all sorts of different metalwork tools (files, hammers and chisels) are extracted from the floor and an impudent beggar is courted "not the least." Therefore, in the USSR and present-day Russia, the collection of alms has always been a trade not just too dangerous, but very specific, so to say. With all his enthusiasm, Krivonischenko would have collected pathetic pennies ... If anyone does not know, let's show that the "bear in the north" candy cost that glorious time of "the victory of socialism in general" (this is the wording of the XXI Congress of the CPSU) 180 rubles. for 1 kg. - that equaled the value of almost 9 bottles of vodka. George for a half a kilo of such candy money had to be collected a week, if not more ... Meanwhile, only one Rustem Slobodin, a colleague of Georgy Krivonischenko for work in a closed city, was in his pocket 300 rubles. - sweets could be eaten up to the end of the campaign.
Stupidly behaved George? Certainly! And at first sight, and on the second ...
And the stupidity of the act of Georgy Krivonischenko lies not even in the implementation of the business project to raise money. In addition to the purely financial side of the matter, there is also the so-called "reputational damage". For an engineer working on a special regime facility, he potentially promised a lot of trouble. A specialist with access to state-of-the-art information (and in the 1950s practically all the engineering and technical staff of nuclear plants had a third-class tolerance of four.) Such tolerances, by the way, were not the overwhelming majority of members of the CPSU Central Committee) in all respects a man. This meant both the absence of bad habits (alcoholism, drug addiction, the tendency to gamble for money), and any antisocial behavioral manifestations (propensity to rowdyism, vagrancy, cruelty in the family, non-traditional sexual orientation, etc.). A homosexual, for example, did not have a chance to get access to state secrets and be registered for work that required such. In this kind of requirements of the regime bodies, the staff had a profound meaning - a person leading a perfect lifestyle from the point of view of social acceptability can not become an object of blackmail, manipulation and recruitment by enemy intelligence. The enemy's approaches to such a person are as difficult as possible.
The author knows what he is writing about, since he worked in the special regime design bureau in the 80s and with the requirements to the staff is not familiar with other people's words. The drive to the police of an employee of such an organization for violation of public order became a real emergency at the place of work and the handling of the incident was not only a party commission on disciplinary matters, but also the top management of the enterprise. It should be specially emphasized that this is an ordinary drive, which ended with the registration of a protocol on ordinary administrative violations. If, as a result of the incident, criminal proceedings were instituted, then the heavenly whores overcame the worker's head! The wife's complaint against her husband was able to blow up the most successful career - and this is not an exaggeration. Of course, written does not mean that workers of especially regime organizations and institutions were angels in the flesh - not at all! Some of them vined with vodka, someone sinned in the women's part, someone managed to "chemize" with accountable material values, but for all these people, adherence to the principle of "never get into the police" was a matter of career success and survival. Therefore, people have committed sins, but they did it with caution and certainly did not collect alms from the stations.
And getting caught in the police for begging and disturbing public order at the station is just the height of suicidal cretinism! If this story became known at the place of work, then the conclusion of the disciplinary party committee would not have promised Georgi Krivonischenko anything good: either he was drunk or just a fool. And it is still unknown who it would be better to be. From work, maybe, and did not dismiss, especially since Krivonischenko was a "young specialist" and the labor legislation protected his right to work, but he would remember the story for a long time. She would certainly come up with any moving through the career ladder and would remind herself of herself for many years. It was simpler to hammer the aspen's stake into one's heart at once (a necessary clarification for those who did not find the living CPSU: Party commissions on disciplinary issues in party organizations got into the affairs of even those people who were not party members and were formally unaccountable to it. was carried out indirectly - through the secretary of the Komsomol organization) ...
The story of detention at the railway station was extremely undesirable for Georgy Krivonischenko and even dangerous because he always had a Finnish knife with him, the one that was finally found on the floor in the ravine (recall that the tourists who retreated from the tent had "Krivonischenko", not Kolevatov, who stayed in the tent, where she was found in March 1959. Moreover, the sheath from the Finnish knife Kolevatov was found on the site of the tent in the spring after the snow came down. degree of curiosity Separate determination Kolevatova knife and sheath of it - we'll come back in its place!). Particularly it should be emphasized that in those years the "knife of the Finnish model" was a potential article for the storage of cold weapons.
So, let's make a small reconstruction and try to understand how the situation at the railway station in Serov looked objectively through the eyes of the sergeant of the transport police who detained Georgy Krivonischenko. January 24, 1957 at 7 o'clock in the morning a certain young man begins to pester the people around "with a hat at the ready", singing "because of the island on the arrow" or something in this spirit, demanding money "for sweets" and clearly clowning. The man is called to order, he is asked to calm down - he does not want to calm down, and as a result, the drive to the police station picket and ... After a personal search of a young man (mandatory and inevitable in any detention!), It turns out that he has a "Finn" with no number and the permission of the internal affairs agencies to be carried. And this in its pure form, Article 182 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR of 1926 (with additions from 1933 and 1935), which at that time sounded literally as follows: "The manufacture, storage, sale and wearing of daggers, Finnish knives and the like cold steel without the permission of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs, in accordance with the established procedure - imprisonment for up to five years with confiscation of weapons. "The same unlawful act, expressed in the acquisition and carrying of the" Finnish "without the permission of the territorial body of internal affairs, by class fication of that time was defined as "a violation of the rights protected by the national health, public safety and order." Oh, how! That is why experienced bandits preferred to wear not knives in their pockets, but stasties and hammers, for those were considered not "weapons", but "tools." As they say, feel the difference, the price of this difference of formulations is 5 years behind barbed wire! That is why Alexander Kolevatov took care of getting permission in the police department for the right to own and wear a "Finnish knife". For only one drive to the police with a knife - and the reputation flies to the bone. And maybe freedom.
Interesting movie, right? Verily, Georgy Krivonischenko came with his song at the station, like a cock in a pluck! And if you remember that the unaccounted "knife of the Finnish model" was also found in Nikolai Thibault-Brignol, it becomes even more interesting: the campaign dedicated to the XXI Congress of the CPSU could actually end without starting. The group reached Serov and landed in a jail because of the members of the group of unresolved cold weapons. This is no longer a tourist group, but a real gang (in the militia sense, of course). The guys could actually get stuck in Serov for a few days "before finding out the circumstances" and the necessary verification by the investigator. In that case, of course, if the police outfit at the station would take it right, that is, pedantically and according to instructions ("This clown with a hat is your friend? Do you have any documents yourself?" And show that you have in your pockets ... And untie the backpacks! Ah, do not want to ... well, let's go to the picket, we'll sort it out "). And the trip to Oorten would have logically ended at the station in Serov.
And now a simple question, which, for some reason, does not occur to the wise "woodpecker" with a very large "tourist experience": does someone really believe that Luda Dubinina could have helped Krivonischenko out of the mess he was in? Lyuda naively wrote in her diary that he "had to help out" ... so really someone seriously believes that she "helped" him? I went to the police station, asked to let go of the "good guy Yurka," and the "filthy man" was not at all rotten, but kind and sensitive, with cornflower-blue eyes and warm hands, he took-and let go! and did not beg for money and even the Finnish knife did not take away the knife ... Yes, and friends Jyrki did not look for other unresolved samples of knives. Someone believes in this?
One who believes the road alone - to the psychiatrist for delicious pills and injections, because believe in this development of events can only a person who has lost all connection with reality. Because in Russia (as, indeed, in the USSR), the drive to the police station is not the same. First of all, a personal search is conducted so that the detainee does not suddenly pull out a pistol or some machete and without "superfluous tricks" does not "bang" everyone in the picket. You can buy off a policeman in a picket, attack him and run away - in principle, you can, too, present a serious document that will remove all questions to the owner - you can, but you can not just persuade him. Categorically. Just because people work there, they do not give in to persuasion, they are fed from this their inflexibility.
However, we have no reason not to believe the diary entries of tourists. Each of them described what he witnessed, sincerely believing that he correctly understands what was happening at the station. Georgi Krivonischenko really detained the sergeant of the transport police and took him to the picket, after which he ... inexplicably released, asking not to make noise and referring to some of the rules of conduct on the railway as a reason for point 3. The militiaman did not demand money from Krivonischenko, he did not draw up a record of the detention, the Finnish knife did not take him to his memory, but only scolded it lightly and perhaps did not shake the handle for parting. Miracles, and only!
What is behind this strange incident?
We dare to suggest that at the station in Serov on January 24, 1959, an episode disguised as the drive of Krivonishchenko to the premises of the police station occurred as part of the "controlled delivery" operation. This strange detention could mask two important (and different in their purposes) actions: first, Georgi Krivonischenko secretly from his comrades could make some important phone call, and secondly, he could get the same radioactive clothes that he was to transfer to slope of the Holat-Sahyl. It was written above that Alexander Kolevatov could have delivered these clothes on the eve of the band's withdrawal, that is, on January 22nd. However, it is possible that radioactive items were placed at the disposal of the group later - at the station in Serov. In view of their danger to others, the initiators of the operational combination could decide to transfer clothes with isotopic dust to the disposal of the group at the very last moment, so to speak, on the edge of the "civilized Oikoumena".
The assumption of a phone call, apparently, requires a little explanation. From the very beginning of the construction of railways in Russia, representatives of law enforcement agencies (gendarmerie in tsarist times and transport militia - in the Soviet) were provided with a communication system independent of other departments. At first it was a telegraph, and from the end of the 19th century it was a telephone. As the length and branching of the railways grew, so did the lines of communication that were tied to them. By the end of the fifties of the last century, the Soviet Ministry of Railways was the owner of a multi-level communication system, partially integrated with the systems of other departments, but at the same time independent of them. The police departments of the railways used this connection for their own purposes; as it may seem surprising, almost from any, even the country's longest railway station, you could call at least the Lubyanka, at least directly to the Kremlin, with minimal time losses. From the caller was required one thing - to know the necessary word-password (so-called "path"), which gave him the right to require the necessary switching. The system was worked out in the tsar's time, when communication was carried out by means of telegraph messages, and nobody knew the final addressee, hidden behind a non-spoken conditional name. The system has existed for decades and worked perfectly, and, mind you, without any laptops, Internet and IP telephony (however, the past time here is inappropriate, such a communication organization exists to this day).
Therefore Krivonischenko, finding himself in the police station, could demand to connect himself by phone with the KGB officer on duty in Sverdlovsk and the region, and then, using the "path" previously communicated to him, quickly contact the right employee. If the phone call was conditioned in advance, then it was expected and the loss of time was ruled out. All this would take less than 3 minutes, including an explanation with the police sergeant (by the way, the "sergeant on duty" himself could have been a "mocked" KGB officer sent to Serov to cover up the group for the time it was there and to avoid any misunderstandings during the railroad road).
What could this conversation be and in general for what could he need? It is possible to guess, of course, but it is hardly necessary. Maintaining the communication of the curators with the group at any convenient opportunity seems quite reasonable control of the situation. Such a call is not only logical, but also desirable (although it is not necessary, since the group is prepared for work autonomously).
It should be noted that the incident with the detention at the station occurred at the very beginning of the campaign, literally after the first night on the road, more precisely on the road. If during this time something happened that calls into question the feasibility of the operation, for example, the conflict between Dyatlov and the newcomer in Zolotaryov's group, the State Security Committee had time to implement a backup action plan, which, of course, was being considered. Perhaps such a plan provided for the transfer of the camera from Zolotarev to Kolevatov in the event of the departure of the first of the group, perhaps more clever combinations involving the "shutdown" of Operation Djatlov under the guise of accidental or even criminal trauma could be foreseen - one can guess for a long time and to no avail. For us it is only important that the conflict between Semyon Zolotaryov and the leader of the campaign did not happen, the night on the train went well, fun, with the singing of songs and the group moved along the route until without significant deviations from the period. So, the operation of "controlled delivery" developed according to the plan. About what George and said in a telephone conversation with the curator.
At this point, a well-grounded question may arise: why did Georgy Krivonischenko make this important phone call, and not Simon Zolotaryov, who played the role of the head of the operation "on the spot"? The answer is simple: Zolotarev should not have caused a negative reaction from the other members of the group. It is not known how they would react to Semyon's drive to the police station, it is quite possible that his behavior would cause anxiety, irritation, anger and provoke severe sanctions, for example, removal from the route. Let's imagine that Dyatlov would tell Zolotarev: "The group does not want to go camping with you, because you compromise us with your antisocial behavior" and how Zolotarev should have been justified? Meanwhile, Georgy Krivonischenko did not threaten such sanctions - it was a general favorite, which most of the members of the group had known for years, he was friendly with Igor Dyatlov, this jovial prikolist sang well, played the mandolin. Yes for him, everyone was a mountain! As it became clear from the following, no one reproached Georgy with a stupid trick and did not reproach for the troubles brought to the whole group. It is clear that if the unfamiliar Semyon Zolotaryov got into this situation, then the assessment of what happened and the attitude to the culprit of the incident would be completely different.
Summarizing the arguments about the strange detention of Georgy Krivonischenko at the station, it remains to add: it was due to a special status due to participation in the special operation of the KGB that Georgy did not fear the consequences of his own drive to the police station. Instructed accordingly, he knew perfectly well how the situation would evolve and understood that this detention would not entail any consequences - there would be no protocol on the administrative violation, no fine, no personal search, no seizure of the "Finnish" - nothing! .. The policeman on duty only It will scold him in front of the members of the group, purely for pro forma, and will let him go.
As we know from the diary entries of the participants of the hike, so it happened.
Concluding the conversation about the strange and difficult to explain events related to the tragic campaign, one should dwell on another curious fact, which the majority of the "researchers" of this history stubbornly do not want to notice. The attentive reader must have paid attention to the fact that in this essay the burial places of all members of the group are indicated, except for one - Semen Zolotarev. This was done not because the author does not know this place, but the force of an entirely different reason, which will now become clear.
Zolotaryov is buried ... ten meters from the grave of Georgy Krivonischenko, which looks completely inexplicable when they deny the connection of these people with the State Security Committee. Both graves are in Sverdlovsk, on the territory of the old Ivanovo cemetery, which was already closed in 1959, that is, new burial places were not allowed there (if it's true, it was possible to carry out graves on family sites in old graves that existed more than 25 years ago years).
On the strange circumstances of the funeral of Georgy Krivonischenko in this essay was already mentioned - George somehow turned out to be the only one of the top five who was betrayed to the ground in a closed coffin and for some reason in another cemetery, for some reason separating the comrades who died in the same campaign with him. Krivonischenko's parents did not ask for this and it is unclear who and for what purpose insisted on the necessity of burying his body in the Ivanovskoye cemetery. Meanwhile, it was quite difficult to do this - a special permission was required. But all this happened, we recall, in March 1959, and two months later the story was repeated exactly! Only this time with Zolotaryov.
In this case, everything was also - a closed coffin, a funeral apart from the rest of the group members, a grave site in a closed cemetery where there are no burials of relatives. Of course, in this case, a special permission was required for the burial. But if the influential father, the chief of construction of a large hydroelectric power station, who had access to the top management of the region could talk about Georgy Krivonischenko's funeral, then who could ask for a simple Kuban Cossack Semyon Zolotarev? (Once again, we emphasize that the father of Georgy Krivonischenko denied that he sought permission to bury his son at the Ivanovskoye cemetery). Zolotarev had no reason to be buried where he was actually buried. Even the motivation for this is not found. No Semyon was connected with Sverdlovsk and his mother, who did not receive pensions even from the Soviet government, had no access to local authorities. And she had no money for bribery either. And even friends were not the kind who could collect this money.
How could the burial of Semen Zolotaryov at the Ivanovo Cemetery take place, and not far from Georgy Krivonischenko? A reasonable explanation for this can not be found until we recall that both Zolotarev and Krivonischenko were identified by us as the most important participants in the KGB special operation of "controlled delivery". We assumed a close relationship of both with the state security agencies and as soon as this consideration is taken into account, the incident immediately receives a clear, logical and absolutely reliable explanation.
Let's return to the last days of February 1959, when the first bodies of the dead tourists were found under the cedar. Originally they were identified as the corpses of Krivonischenko and Zolotarev. Yes, that's right, Doroshenko corpse was originally identified as belonging to Zolotarev, which is written about in the corresponding place of this essay. Although Uru Doroshenko was well-known to students of UPI who took part in the search operation, two objective circumstances prevented the identification: a multi-day bristle and a discoloration of the skin that everyone who saw the corpses was defined as "brown", "purple-brown", etc. Bristle Doroshenko made his face look like a mustached Zolotarev, and therefore the first radiograms reported the discovery of his corpse.
And now let's look at the situation through the eyes of the responsible KGB officers who supervised the operation of the "controlled delivery". They learn that some of the members of the missing group have died for as yet unknown cause. Whether their death was a consequence of the failure of a planned special operation or not connected with it in any way, it is unclear, but it is already known that the people associated with the Committee - Krivonischenko and Zolotaryov - are dead. Krivonischenko on the day of the operation was supposed to wear radioactive clothing on himself, but he was undressed, so the fate of things is uncertain. Zolotaryov (who is actually Doroshenko) is also stripped, so clothes with isotopic dust will have to be searched for separately. This will take Kikoin, who in early March will fly to the pass. But what about the corpses of Krivonischenko and Zolotarev?
The KGB never abandoned its employees after death, assuming all the woeful problems associated with organizing and carrying out funeral arrangements. In addition, in many divisions there was a stable tradition to visit the graves of employees either on the Day of the Chekist or on the anniversary of the death (especially if the death is connected with the performance of official duties). This tradition, by the way, is very good - on the one hand, it supports the continuity of generations, and on the other - very visibly reminds of the danger of the profession even in peacetime. But on the day of the death of Igor Dyatlov's group, a large number of friends and relatives of the deceased, uninitiated in the secret of Krivonischenko and Zolotaryov, can come to the graves of the deceased. It is clear that the appearance of a group of unknown serious men in civilian clothes can cause a lot of unnecessary questions. Therefore, for the graves of Krivonischenko and Zolotaryov, it is necessary to take a place away from the rest of the group, and, preferably, in general at another cemetery.
It was the State Security Committee that made it possible to allocate two places for its employees in a closed (and, therefore, little-visited!) Ivanovo cemetery. It was done simultaneously and for one application - that's why the seats are allocated in close proximity to each other. If the issue of the two graves were solved at different times (at intervals of several months) and at the request of different persons, the places would also be at a distance from each other, at different ends of the cemetery.
And at first everything went on as usual. The bodies were taken from the pass to Ivdel and there most likely appeared the "Curator" from the KGB, called to identify Zolotaryov (remember, few knew him from the students, and Semyon's relatives lived for thousands of kilometers, so the question of identifying the corpse was not so simple at all , as it may seem at first glance). And then a sensation - "Zolotarev" is not Zolotaryov. The growth of the seed was only 172 cm, and on the table in the morgue lay a body of 180 cm. It was enough to attach a tailor's tape to understand the error of Zolotarev's identification by the search engines. Therefore, a comrade from the Committee confidently stated: the corpse is not Zolotarev, look for whom he belongs!
The investigation in turn begins to invite relatives of all male participants in the campaign. No one can recognize the corpse-stained corpse. We emphasize, Doroshenko's mother did not recognize her son! So maybe, the unknown is still Zolotarev? But a comrade from the most knowledgeable organization of the Soviet Union knows firmly that anyone is in the morgue, but not Semyon. And then the re-identification is carried out, only now the mother of Yuri Doroshenko, and the woman with whom he maintained intimate relations, is invited to the morgue. She recognized the naked body.
This issue has already been solved by the question of the burial place of the dead tourists - the regional committee mercifully refused to bury the dead tourists in Ivdel and gave permission for the funeral in Sverdlovsk. It would seem that two places have already been reserved at the Ivanovskoye cemetery - let two people go there, the same Krivonischenko and Doroshenko. Since they died nearby, at one fire, so let them be together after death. But no! Doroshenko is taken to the Mikhailovskoye cemetery, because the second place at Ivanovskoye is not intended for him at all. It was initially assigned to Zolotarev. Even then, in the first ten days of March, the KGB did not doubt his death, although the body, as we know, found much later.
And indeed, when in the middle of May 1959, Semyon's mother reappeared in Sverdlovsk (the first time she came a month earlier), she did not have to worry about her son's funeral. About the place for the grave and the organization of the funeral event, other people were worried. Although - and this must be emphasized! - none of them revealed their connection with the KGB, as did Simon himself. But the administrative resource, which had his unknown friends, was sufficient to remove all the problems associated with the choice of burial place and the organization of the funeral event.
The proposed version of the hidden involvement of the State Security Committee in the funeral arrangements related to Krivonischenko and Zolotarev perfectly explains their burial at the Ivanovskoye cemetery and the territorial proximity of the graves. When trying to exclude the action of the "hidden administrative resource", this fact of explanation does not find. Without the influence of a powerful "administrative resource" and Krivonischenko, and Zolotaryov - or at least one of them! - should have been buried in the Mikhailovskoye cemetery along with the other participants in the march.