The most incredulous reader understands that a controlled delivery is therefore called "controlled", that the movement of a valuable (or dangerous) cargo requires constant monitoring by law enforcement officials. It can not just be given to some boys or students in the hope that they will do everything right only because they are good guys. The cargo needs to be monitored, monitored and even protected from accidental loss, theft or damage. Next to the cargo should be a law enforcement officer and preferably not even one. Where is this person in this case?
He is. And not even one.
Let's start with Semyon Zolotarev. I must say at once that this man has for years summoned and causes all kinds of suspicions among many researchers of the tragedy of the group Igor Dyatlov. Everything that is connected with it is ghostly, everything turns out to be not what it seems from the very beginning. For a long time, Zolotarev was suspected of being a criminal who went on a January campaign to solve some problems associated with illegal gold mining in the Ivdelsky district. A similar interpretation of the image of Semyon Zolotaryov was suggested a few years ago by one of the researchers who appeared on the Internet under the nicname Doctor, a very charismatic, original and interesting writer who contributed a lot of common sense to the Igor Dyatlov tragedy. Which, alas, often lacked and lacked many of the "amateur researchers" tragedy. It is believed that Doctor had access to a certain "KGB case", conducted a private investigation in the interests of the relatives of some of the dead "dyatlovites" and died in a car accident. Such a sad story with a gloomy note "before" in the epilogue. However, we hasten to appease impressionable readers - it's all pure legend, just an element of the smart myth invented by Doctor: he did not see any "KGB case", he did not investigate any cases and did not perish in catastrophes. However, it is difficult to overestimate the merit of this talented mythoman - he first drew attention to the very strange figure of Semyon Zolotarev.
Semyon Zolotarev on left side
Simon Zolotarev the Cossack
Semyon Zolotarev in the last campaign
Alexei Vladimirovich Koskin, introduced a number of unusually interesting documents related to Semyon Zolotarev. This is the autobiography of the latter, written in 1948 during the second year of the State Institute of Physical Culture of Belarus (GOIFKB), two characteristics obtained by Zolotaryov on the results of passing the practice in the Minsk schools, and the "Tourism instructor's card" achievements of the Semyon. In addition, a large informational and educational Internet portal "The Feat of the People" published documents related to the awarding of Zolotarev with the Order of the Red Banner in May 1945, which allowed a new angle to look at the life of this man.
The documents listed above are unusually interesting in themselves, but this is not their main value - in the context of the historical realities of the 40-50's. The last century they give a very rich food for thought. And they force us to make some very curious conclusions. Let's analyze these documents and try to understand what is written between the lines?
Let's start with Semyon Alexandrovich's autobiography. This document is an annex to the questionnaire, which must be filled in without fail for the personnel department when arriving or entering the educational institution. Zolotarev, as you can see, wrote an autobiography for some reason at the end of the second year (however, there may be completely innocent explanations for him - he was asked to rewrite the previous autobiography in order to clarify certain details, or an autobiography was written for the admission to the military department, Soviet higher education institutions, usually in the third year.It should be emphasized that compulsory education at military departments was introduced in all Soviet universities since September 1, 1944 by resolution of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR No. 413 of 13 April 1944, i.e. the State Order of the Red Banner of Labor, the Institute of Physical Culture of Belarus also trained reserve officers). The most interesting thing in the document, discovered by Alexei Koskin, is not the time of writing, but the content.
I must say that the documents of this kind were filled in with strict formal requirements both in terms of design and content. Some of them were presented in the "cap" of the document, on its first page, which served as a kind of a reminder to the author, part of it was reported by the employee of the personnel department when issuing the form in the form of a reminder ("write in full, without abbreviations, blots, otschorkivaniy and underscore, reflect all changes in documents, change of names and surnames, weddings-crossings-divorces, nothing to miss ... "). However, writing an autobiography is like riding a bicycle, if once you succeed, then you will not lose this skill. Therefore, "personnel officers" usually did without long instructions and only asked: "Have you already written an autobiography? How do you know? "
Semyon Alekseevich Zolotarev by June 1948, of course, already knew perfectly well how to correctly write an autobiography. There is no doubt that by that time he had already composed such documents more than once. And the more surprising are the numerous inconsistencies and omissions that abound in the text that has come out from under his pen. Their appearance can not be explained by the awkwardness of the syllable, Semyon's written speech is very easy, the text is simple and readable. But the "areas of silence" in Zolotarev's autobiography are not only unacceptable for a Soviet student of those years, but also in their own way eloquent. They are very much able to tell about this person even after six more decades. Let's try to prejudge this wonderful document.
The clear, elaborate handwriting of Semyon Zolotarev clearly shows that he has had a lot of writing experience. Which, in fact, somewhat surprises when you get acquainted with the circumstances of his life. Born February 2, 1921 in the village of Convenient Krasnodar Region Semyon joined the Komsomol in 1938, and graduated from the 10-year school only in 1941, ie at the age of 20 years. In itself, this event should not be considered as something unusual for that time - it happened quite often (we will not go into the reasons, we just take it as a fact). The USSR Law "On General Military Obligation", adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on September 1, 1939, provided for the possibility of granting a deferment from conscription to secondary school students for graduation, but until they are 20 years old. Spring appeal in the USSR did not exist until 1967, so Zolotarev, who turned 20 at the very beginning of 1941, was quietly waiting for the autumn (the appeal was held between September 15 and October 15). And even the Great Patriotic War, which began on June 22, 1941, did not immediately hurt him. So, with a call to active military service, Semyon was all right, although from the point of view of modern ideas it is somewhat strange. But this strangeness, as was shown, is seeming.
Real oddities arise further. So, on the real military service of Semyon Alexandrovich Zolotarev was called on October 19, 1941, and in the first battle with the fascist invaders he joined already on May 10, 1942, ie, after almost 7 months. Considering how the 41st Voluntary Divisions, hurriedly formed from the inhabitants of Moscow and Leningrad and immediately abandoned to the front line, were milled in the autumn and winter of the 41st, the delay of 7 months can not be surprised. Such a delay in that gloomy year would be rejoiced by any recruiter ...
However, further - more. In completely amazing terms, Zolotarev described his participation in the Great Patriotic War: "He joined the battle on May 10, 1942 and after that on combat operations and combat missions was throughout the war." Soviet cadre work clearly delineated service in the Active Army and participation in combat actions. The fact is that for the last service was considered on the principle of "day - for three". Participation in combat operations was reflected in the soldier's book by records made by the regiment of the regiment (or a separate military unit-a brigade or battalion) on the basis of an order for the army. The order on the army clearly recorded this date, literally with the following wording: "From (such and such number) consider the Army participating in combat operations". And for all the servicemen of this army, the service was considered from that day "a day for three", until the new order on the army revoked the old one. All periods of time during which the army was considered to be at war on the front were fixed in the soldiers' books of all the soldiers of this army, similar to how the work record of civilians reflected work experience. And the border guard who served the entire war on the Wrangel Island or in Chukotka under no circumstances could not be considered a participant in the fighting, although he left the entire war called up for active military service. (Here it can also be pointed out that the military officers of the officers who took participation in hostilities, the right of accelerated service of military rank extended with the transition to the next higher rank - this was a very significant privilege, which was deprived of the remaining officers of the Army in operation.
A little more information about the military way Semyon informs him of his award list, posted on the website "The Feat of the People". From this document, prepared at the very end of the war and approved by the Military Council of the 70th Army on May 15, 1945, we can learn the following: "(Zolotarev) Participated in battles on the Don and Stalingrad fronts, with the liberation of the western regions of Belarus. When the invasion of East Prussia and Pomerania - as part of the 3rd Guards Hrodna Cavalry Corps 2 of the Byelorussian Front in January, February and March 1945. "In the same award sheet, it is briefly mentioned that Zolotarev was awarded the medal" For the Defense of Stalingrad. " And on May 15, 1945, for the courage and heroism shown on the night of April 21 to 22, Semyon received the Order of the Red Star. At that time Zolotarev had served in the 13th motorized pontoon-bridge order of Alexander Nevsky regiment.
From the same autobiography, we know that Zolotarev became a candidate member of the CPSU (B.) In September 1944, serving in the ranks of the 48th Army of the 2nd Byelorussian Front. Just then, in September 1944, the Stavka transferred this army from the 1st Belorussian Front to the 2nd Belorussian Front. But the 3-Guards Grodno Cavalry Corps was never part of the 48th Army, reporting directly to the front command. And if we summarize all of the above, we see the following: first Zolotarev pulls a soldier's strap in the 48th Army (late September-December 1944), then in the 3rd Guards Cavalry Corps (January-March 1945), and after this - in the ranks of the gallant 70th Army (April-May 1945). It spins inside the 2nd Belorussian Front literally, like a whirlwind, departing every three months to a new duty station. It does not raise questions when the headquarters moves from place to place a large military chief - a general or marshal should be where his experience is most in demand. But the usual senior sergeant, the squad leader, values for the army does not represent - such sergeants are millions. Nobody will arrange such rotations at the front, where the combat units of the belligerent formations are already overloaded with work, as there is a continuous flow of information demanding reflection in the documents: one of the servicemen is killed, someone is wounded, but remained in the army hospital, and someone was sent to the evacuation hospital and further to the rear, with the exception of the lists of the part, someone was completely missing ... and all this must be reflected in the form and personal files and forwarded the documents depending on the fate of the serviceman or on the new place of registration , or in the archive. In such an environment, no one will even think of transferring a sergeant from one compound to another-there is neither the strength nor the time to do this. And there is no sense in expediency in this either. But ... all that is said is true only under one condition - if we mean the usual sergeant, the most that is not ordinary. Since Zolotarev's invisible hand was carefully transferred from one compound to another every three months, we can say with 100% certainty that Semyon Aleksandrovich was far from an easy senior sergeant. There was something in him that made him special in the eyes of his superiors. Moreover, we are talking about the bosses of the high-level headquarters of the front, as Zolotarev quietly moved between the units of front-line subordination, but he did not go beyond the limits of the 2nd Byelorussian Front.
Let's not make hasty conclusions, but just remember the marked oddity - after a while we will have to return to it.
In the meantime, we continue studying the autobiography of Semyon Aleksandrovich.
Reading the autobiography of Semyon Alekseevich, you might think that we are just a humble person, but there is no concept of "modest" in personnel record keeping. There are concepts of "hiding information" and "deliberate concealment of information" - it is these categories that the "personnel officer" operates. It is obvious that Semyon Zolotarev could not hide the presence of four military awards, because he had to wear them on various occasions and show them to the public, but ... but he clearly did not want to focus on their possession. Is it strange? Still, especially if we recall that the autobiography was compiled to them in 1948, when the front-line soldiers were surrounded by universal love and reverence.
Go ahead. Semyon Zolotarev modestly mentions that he was a Komsomol of the battalion of the "13 Motoengineering and Mechanized Regiment". Now very few people will remember that the squad of the battalion is, in fact, a large position in the troops. Firstly, "liberated," and secondly, an officer's. Zolotarev, however, was not an officer during the war; he was a senior sergeant, that is, he was assigned to the sergeant-sergeant staff. Okay, you can make an amendment to the fighting, the loss of officers, which is constantly lacking despite even accelerated editions in the schools. The position of the Komsomol had an important feature that distinguished her from all other officer positions in the link "battalion" - "regiment." Namely: the cosmologist was the first assistant to the individual, in other words, it was a grassroots support of the military counterintelligence, a source of all kinds of information about the sentiments of both the soldier masses as a whole and individual servicemen. Another interesting consequence of the work in this post - she required benevolent attention to the subordinates and the ability to make contact.
In some forums devoted to the tragedy of Igor Dyatlov's group, the assumptions about a possible conflict between Zolotarev and other members of the group, for example, with Dyatlov or Thibo Brignole, were seriously discussed. They say that the dork, who is ready for fathers to intelligent tourists, tried to bring young guys under him, "built" them, scandalized, pestered the girls. Even very strange hypotheses about Zolotarev's binding in a tent (yes, Zolotarev!) Were born, based on the amazing in its ephemeral mind-building. The assumption of Semyon's conflictuality should be recognized as completely divorced from earthly (or rather, Soviet) realities. There is no doubt that a person who was a Komsomol at the front, was able to find a common language with a wide variety of people - this art was taught by life itself. Komsomol members raised their units in attacks - and this is not a pretentious exaggeration, it's true, which is confirmed by all veteran veterans. The Komsomol did not have a chance to sit in the dugout - he got under the bullets first, carried away the subordinates by personal example. If the Komsomol was an "idiot for life" and a gorlopan, then after the first battle he was found with a bullet in his back - and this is not an exaggeration, it really did happen, such military traditions survived, not to brush it off. Therefore, those political instructors and komsomogists who survived the Great Patriotic War in battle formations of the mouth and battalions were excellent comrades, just leaders and real men. In this you can be sure. The best characteristic of Zolotarev as a man and a citizen is his military path and the position of a corporation at first a company, and then a battalion at the front.
However, at the moment we are not interested in the psychological portrait of Semyon Alekseevich, but his tortuous life path. From reading his autobiography, he (the life path) does not become clearer. On his front roads Zolotarev wrote extremely stingily and indistinctly: his entire front-line path Semyon somehow reduced to April 1945, when he happened to cross the Oder in the 13 motorized pontoon-bridge regiment. But what about 1942? but the 43rd? and the entire 44th, finally? Where was Semyon Zolotarev and what did he do if he took part in hostilities for the first time even on May 10, 1942?
Let us hasten to clarify: if someone decided that the hero of our narrative decided to deceive the personnel department and attributed to himself non-existent merits, then this is a highly erroneous judgment. We do not forget that Zolotarev's autobiography was written on June 16, 1948 in Minsk, in the capital of Soviet Belarus. It was a very, very difficult time. In all senses. The people lived very poorly, the December 1947 monetary reform and the abolition of food cards caused a price increase throughout the country. Cities in the west of the USSR were still undeveloped. To the inhabitants of Minsk in 1946-47. years it was forbidden to close the windows with curtains, since there was practically no street lighting in the city and the light from the windows of the houses had to somehow illuminate the streets. It was a frightening time for the revelry of bloody postwar banditry. In addition, at liberty there were still a lot of accomplices of the invaders, undefined as long as the state security. Many criminals hid under other people's names, used someone else's documents, and therefore the personnel departments of all state organizations were extremely attentive and demanding on the documents they received. Forgetting to write something in your autobiography (let alone forget about the period of the recent war!) Meant immediately bringing on yourself the most serious suspicions and causing a biased check. And to be exposed in lies meant at that time almost inevitable road first to the MGB regional department, and then, you will look, into the GULAG.
So you can not doubt - everything that Zolotarev wrote about himself in the autobiography is true. However, it is very incomplete. And this incompleteness is admitted with the sanction of the employee of the personnel department. And by no means an ordinary inspector, namely a leader, because the document was not subjected to clarification and was not destroyed; on the contrary, it was accepted and stored in the archive. So, that was the sanction of the head of the unit.
So, we see:
- The text of Semyon Zolotarev's autobiography contains inaccuracies inadmissible in documents of this level on formal grounds;
- Inaccuracies these are admitted by the author intentionally, since by that time Zolotarev had already repeatedly composed autobiographies when submitting documents to the Moscow Military Engineering School, the subsequent transfer to the Leningrad Military Engineering School, upon admission to the Institute of Physical Education, joining the Party, etc.;
- Zolotarev - this is unequivocal! - gave an explanation of the text of the autobiography to the employee of the personnel department, most likely to the chief. It should be remembered that at that time the head of the personnel department (especially the capital's university!) - this is either an active security officer, seconded to the staff of the enterprise, or an employee from the so-called. "Active reserve", retired (often for disability or illness) and continuing to perform work for the benefit of his alma-mater;
- Zolotarev's explanations (and this is mandatory!) Were checked and taken into account as satisfactory (ie, corresponding to reality);
- Moreover, it is possible to say with very high probability that the "kadrovik" himself, at the request of which this autobiography was written, prompted Zolotarev how to write it better, in order to intelligently pass over by silence those moments about which it was necessary to remain silent.
Therefore, there are no grounds for doubting the truthfulness of the biography written by Zolotarev. But the veracity of this document only strengthens the sense of the strange fate of this man. The sergeant who passed through the war did not have any injuries! Just incredible luck, especially if you remember that the men of his generation - that is, born in 1921-22. - nearly all of them died: 97% of them did not survive the war! It was the total death of young men of this age and those close to him that gave the Slavic ethnos in the USSR that demographic pit, the consequences of which are affecting so far. Almost everyone died, and Zolotarev was not even wounded. So I want to ask: was he at the front at all? But this question is rhetorical, because we know the answer - Zolotarev was at the front, in the winter at the time of the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942 and from January 1945.
So what do all these strange omissions and inconsistencies, so abundantly scattered throughout the text of the autobiography of this man, attest to?
First of all, we can not doubt that Semyon Zolotarev was not at all afraid of checking his profile either by the personnel service of the Institute of Physical Education or by more competent bodies. The autobiography was a document in many respects formalized, it could not be written, guided by the principle that I want to - and I scratch. Simply because the document would be returned to the author and asked to rewrite, with appropriate clarifications, the missing details and dates. In the post-war period, each head of the personnel department had a set of special pamphlets with the label "secret" in the safe, in which the overwhelming majority of military units of the army, aviation, and fleet were subordinated during the war (so-called "Lists of military units entering the army More than two dozen of these "Lists ..."). According to such a pamphlet, it was possible, within a few minutes, without getting up from the chair, to check into which army and which fronts included certain divisions and regiments, up to individual battalions. Autobiographies for this purpose were submitted to the personnel department so that they could conduct a quick check of the author's life in wartime, and not at all for the girl-typist to read her from boredom during the lunch break. There can be no doubt that Semen Zolotaryov deliberately described his life incompletely and inaccurately, but this was possible only if the legend stated in his autobiography was fully coordinated with both the head of the personnel department and the curator of the Institute of Physical Education from the MGB. In other words, in the Minsk office of the MGB, they knew everything about Semyon and did not have any suspicions about him. Unexpected conclusion, right?
There can be no doubt that Zolotarev was a "confidential employee" of the SMERS Directorate of the 2nd Byelorussian Front in the final stage of the Great Patriotic War. The fact that he was subordinate to an operational officer of the Front Office (that is, a high-ranking official) makes one think that Semyon had a considerable amount of work experience, experience and certain merits. In other words, Zolotarev was not at all an ordinary "snitch", which should be 2-3 for each company. Some of his personal qualities and merits attracted the attention of high-ranking military counterintelligence officers who singled out him from the total of many thousands of "confidential employees."
Let's return, however, to further study of the life conflicts of Semyon Alekseevich - on this path we are waiting for new entertaining discoveries. With the end of the war Zolotarev, judging by his autobiography, entered the "Moscow Engineering School". In the sense, we are talking about the Moscow Red Banner Military Engineering School (MKVU), then located in the Moscow region Bolshevo. That is, Simon chose the path of an officer for himself, which is logical for a person who knows military service well and who has already gained a considerable amount of service (taking into account "combat ones"). But then we see new "misunderstandings," Zolotarev literally describes what happened in these words: "In 1945, in June, I was sent to study in Moscow, in an engineering school. In April 1946, the Moscow School was disbanded and the cadets were sent to the Leningrad Military Engineering School. According to the Decree of the Presidium (Supreme Soviet) of the USSR on the last demobilization, I was demobilized at the disposal of the local RVC. " Absolute nonsense ... By the meaning of the phrase, you can decide that the speech is about the Minsk City Military Committee, because you wrote an autobiography in Minsk! But no! In fact, Zolotarev was seconded at the place of his conscription - in the Convenient RVK (in the village of Convenient Stavropol Territory), as evidenced by the travel order issued by Aleksei Vladimirovich Koskin, to appear at the specified regional military registration and enlistment office for registration no later than August 8, 1946. The same the document reports the extradition of Zolotarev to the hands of his Red Army book, food, clothing and money certificates, demands for travel by rail (water) transport and sealed to
So Semyon Alexandrovich said goodbye to the Soviet Army, left a glorious city on the Neva and found himself in native penates, that is, in the convenient village, near the parents - father, local paramedic and mother housewife. And he would be stuck there forever, because collective and state farms needed man's hands and it was almost impossible to escape from Soviet agriculture because of non-extradition of passports to rural residents, but ... but in the fall of 1946 Semyon Alexandrovich suddenly appeared in the capital of Belarus. And not by some mason at the construction site, or by a water truck, but by a student of the remarkable State Order of the Red Banner of the Institute of Physical Culture of Belarus (GOIFK). Here it is, which should be applauded! As the former front-line soldiers did not use any privileges when they came in, and as it is not difficult to guess, their level of preparation was much lower than that of yesterday's school leavers (the only indulgence for those who served the active military service is free preparatory courses). In addition, yesterday's servicemen did not receive any indulgence in training, and Zolotarev, as we know from his characterization received at the end of the institute, studied "excellent" and was a state fellowship. What can I say? - a man had a head on his shoulders.
We know two characteristics obtained by Zolotarev after passing the pedagogical practices in 1949. The first practice lasted from March 21 to May 8 and, based on its results, on May 20, Semyon Alekseevich received a remarkable description, which you can not but admire - it's really a panegyric! In order not to retell the content, we simply quote the most amusing places: "During the practice period, he devoted all his time and attention to the school and showed excellent pedagogical abilities. With great love and enthusiasm for his future specialty. Among the students he quickly won love and respect (...) "Further, he noted his" very good practical and methodical preparedness (...). He led the work on the preparation for citywide school competitions, in which the school took 1 and 2 places (...). Assessment for pedagogics - excellent. Recommended for the post of senior teacher. education in high school. "
Semyon Alexeyevich's pedagogical successes could only be rejoice. In all it turned out that he would make a very, very good teacher. But here we begin to read the second characteristic and barely keep our surprise: is it dedicated to Zolotarev? Such impression, the second pedagogical practice - from November 21 to December 31, 1949 - was a completely different person. However, the word to the source: "The organizational skills have shown satisfactory. Not enough attention paid pedpraktike. There were two cases of being late for lessons. Often came into conflict with the leader of the practice and the methodologist. Not critical to yourself. Active participation in the work of the brigade did not take. (...) is very weak almost in gymnastics, although she specializes in it. On the preparation can not lead lessons on gymnastics even with man's groups of 1-st rate of HIGH SCHOOL. In the conduct of extracurricular sports and mass work Comrade. Zolotarev showed himself XXXXXXXXXXXX actively [12 letters are crammed with the "X" sign, but the word "not enough" is read through the slaughter]. The overall assessment for pedagogical practice is good. Recommendation - in full female high school or on org. work ".
A stunning document. In fact, we have an official recognition of the fact that a full-fledged physical education teacher Semyon Zolotarev can not be. Literally for each item, one can see a direct contradiction of the first and second characteristics. And after all, they are separated slightly more than half a year - the first is dated May 20, 1949, and the second - January 5, 1950. How can this be?
The answer, in fact, lies on the surface, it only needs to be correctly formulated. In the time interval between the first and second pedagogics Semyon Zolotarev experienced a sharp change in life priorities, he lost all interest in studies, his specialty and future profession. How could this happen? Why did this happen? Fell in love? Did you get sick? It seems that everything is much simpler, although not entirely obvious. Taking into account how Semen Alexeyevich's life developed in the future, we are unlikely to make a mistake if we assume that after the first pedagogical practice he learned that he would not have to work as a physical education teacher. He had a different life plan and pedagogical activity in it was not included.
The conclusion is very interesting, especially in the context of that difficult time, when Semyon graduated from the wonderful Minsk Institute. It should be recalled that the Byelorussian SSR was subjected to colossal, almost total destruction during the Great Patriotic War. The overwhelming part of the infrastructure objects, including schools, was destroyed. A colossal blow was felt by the Belarusian people, the decline in the population of the republic after the war reached? pre-war quantity. There was a lack of both schools themselves and teachers of all specialties. By 1950, the situation was gradually improving, but until the complete solution to the problem of staff shortages was still very far away. The country's institutes were still preparing specialists for the accelerated release (the training in the Minsk GOIFC took only 4 years from Zolotarev), and all of them were in demand in the national economy. The distribution after the end of the institute was of a voluntary-compulsory nature and there was no way to refuse it. By the way, the distribution was directly influenced by academic performance, so there were all reasons to study well and get a good performance. Failure to work (absenteeism) was fraught with criminal prosecution. It was impossible to quit my job - only transfer to another job was allowed. By the way, too late. In other words, the control of labor resources had a total character and was directly connected with military registration. To finish the institute and not go to work for a specialty for that time was a real nonsense.
However, Zolotarev, an honors pupil and state diplomat, did not seem to be going to work after the institute on his specialty - this impression can be taken out of the characteristic he received after the second pedagogics. This characteristic must still be obtained! This is how you need to skimp on your duties and get the head of the practice out of you, so that in the description you write about the delay and wrangling! These kinds of details are completely uncharacteristic for documents of this kind. Apparently Zolotarev very strongly quarreled with the leader of the practice and seriously took him out of himself.
But it's either a fool or an extremely presumptuous person who can interfere with a person who will write an important characteristic on you. And Semyon Alexeyevich was clearly not one of them. His indifference to practice and the willingness to go to conflict with the boss can be explained not by stupidity, but by confidence in oneself and a sense of hidden support. And Zolotarev had such support. This is clearly indicated by the subsequent course of events - a remarkable characteristic he received at the end of the institute, and the way of life that Semyon Alexeyevich could afford in the years to come.
Brilliantly graduated from the institute, a young specialist, a wonderful teacher, sportsman, war hero, merry fellow and just a wonderful guy (though, rather, a mature man) Semyon Zolotarev miraculously does not receive distribution to the school, like thousands of other graduates of pedagogical and sports universities. His work experience in subsequent years we are known quite accurately: in 1951-52. Zolotarev works as an "instructor" in sports societies "Iskra", "Medic" and "Trud" of the Krasnodar Territory. Who and what he instructs to understand is impossible, the main thing is that his work is seasonal, he does not even start a work record book, which looks like a complete non-sense for that time. His work is confirmed by certificates, like some seasonal shabashnik on the collective farm, and this is hard to believe, knowing the specifics of that time. In the future, Semyon Alexeyevich also did not burden himself with grueling work - in 1953 he worked 6 months at Pyatigorsk camp site as a "freelance instructor" and again received a certificate in support of his experience. For an ordinary person, this situation seems completely impossible. "Workbook" in those years for a Soviet man - a document of relevance comparable to the passport and military ticket. The help could replace it only in case of loss, then the Soviet worker went to the place of his last job, received a certificate there and brought it to the personnel department so that the inspectors there could make sure that they were a real honest Soviet man, and not the leading "antisocial a way of life a parasite, a slacker and a slobber. " Also, labor cards were not issued to persons released from places of deprivation of liberty - all documents were replaced by a corresponding certificate. Another category of persons who were deprived of work books were the workers of the Soviet village, who were in the glorious Stalin era in a semi-free state. But it is clear that the last two categories of persons to our case have nothing to do with.
Having established strong ties with the military counterintelligence during the Great Patriotic War, which we can now talk about without any hesitation, Semyon Alekseevich not only lost these ties after Victory May 1945, but, on the contrary, consolidated it. And all the oddities of his post-war life can be explained by the fact that this life was cut by the patterns of Soviet special services.
It should be noted that in those years it was possible to work in the structures of the MGB without ending the special school of this department. In the Soviet state security people fell on the Komsomol or party direction (ticket). Beginners were trained in operative methods right in the process of work, for which in each department the staff positions were provided for in the staff list. To illustrate this thesis, one can cite an interesting quote from the book by Vasily Ivanovich Berezhkov, a veteran veteran, an officer of the MGB and the KGB with a 30-year experience, who started his career as a chekist: "... the operational staff was replenished by receiving service of new employees from among local staff. There were many front-line officers among the recruits. Then we were surprised by a one-sided set of personnel, but after many years realized that it was not accidental: it was possible to rely on such people. They experienced many things, their loyalty to the Motherland was tested in battles, they also had certain experience in managing people in extreme situations. (...) In 1947, about one third of employees (mainly maintenance personnel) worked in the Leningrad State Security Administration with primary education, an incomplete secondary school, and a fifth of those with secondary education. Only 6.5% had a higher or incomplete higher education "
Close, though disguised, connection of Semyon Zolotarev with the organs of state security is very clear. He entered the military school to become an officer, but fell under the contraction. Well, the opportunity to become an officer gave him training at the Institute of Physical Education, which had a military chair like all other higher educational institutions of the country (they were established on the basis of the Resolution of the Council of People's Commissars No. 413 of April 13, 1944). And in the academic part of the military department, as well as the personnel department of the institute, they knew perfectly well how unusual the student was Semyon Zolotarev. Most likely, the study at the institute was just an excuse for obtaining the rank of reserve officer. Perhaps for a while Zolotarev himself and his curators from the MGB did not quite understand what field to use the student, but by mid-1949 the decision was made and the prospects were determined. This is clearly evident by how different Zolotarev reacted to the first and second pedagogical practices - if during the first he tried and got out of the skin, then literally six months later he waved everything. Yes, so waved that his delay and wrangling was even mentioned in the final characteristic. By that time Semyon already knew that he would not be a teacher and all these pedagogical wisdoms would not be useful to him ... The approach to learning is cynical, but rational ...
Zolotarev worked not far from his parents' house (from Teberda to Comfortable village less than 100 km!) In a well-fed warm district and suddenly without any external motives he throws everything and rushes for 3,5 thousand km to Altai. In the name of what is this move to another climatic zone, the land is beautiful, but harsh and for those times hungry? A tourist career is better done in the Caucasus - and the mountains are steeper there, and the waterfalls are higher. There the best resorts of the country, there are resting the most "advanced" tourists from Moscow. The North Caucasus of those years is Soviet Switzerland. Zolotarev by 1958 had already been an instructor in both water tourism and mountain pedestrian ... In the name of what should he leave his elderly mother and move to Altai?
The most interesting thing is that Zolotarev's wanderings did not stop there. In December of the same 1958 we see it already at Sverdlovsk, celebrating New Year's Eve at Kourovka Tourist Center together with some of the students of UPI. A new long-distance crossing, this time for 1800 km. In the name of what? Semyon Zolotarev was then already 38th year, and he is tossing around the country, not having his own corner, putting all his property in a couple of suitcases. He has no family, lives a bean, in his life, most likely, there is no permanent woman. If there is any place for women at all. Of course, one can sincerely believe in its unpretentiousness and love for romance, but when these qualities begin to be correlated with the realities of that time, with the lack of basic conveniences and any stability, such an argumentation of the impression does not produce. Zolotarev passed almost the entire war and managed to avoid injuries. This is not just the luck of a soldier - this is the best evidence of his savvy and common sense. Such people think well before doing something ... And even unfavorable situations are able to turn to their own advantage.
Researchers of Igor Dyatlov's tragedy were so captivated by the memories of witnesses of those events that none of them seems to have even thought about why Semyon Zolotarev was a participant in this campaign. Of course, they know the official version of the events - Semyon wanted to go on a campaign in the Subpolar Urals with Sergei Sogrin's group, but the circumstances changed, and he urgently needed to go to his mother in the Caucasus. Therefore, they say, Zolotarev asked for Djatlov's group, but! .. Here again, as in everything connected with Zolotarev, we inevitably come across this most ominous "but!" But this explanation does not explain anything - it is illogical, contradictory and if you call things by their proper names, it's generally meaningless.
In fact, the routes and timing of the movement of both groups - Sogrin and Diatlov - are well known to us. Initially, the end of the "Dyatlov" campaign was planned for February 9, 1959, but after the meeting of the city route commission on January 8, the date of return was moved to February 12. It was on this day that the "dyatlovists" were to go to Vizhay and from there send a postcard to the tourist club of the Sverdlovsk Polytech about the successful completion of their event. Then he was to move to Sverdlovsk, where the group would be in two days, that is, on February 14. But the group of Sogrin was supposed to be there on February 18, that is, The time gap between the arrivals of both groups was only 4 days. And Zolotarev began to worry about it for a month, in the middle of January, telling everyone how he should go to his mother in the Caucasus! Already on January 20 he was added to the payroll of the Djatlov group (that is, not at the last minute, as everyone acknowledges by default, but still three days before the release).
So, mise en scene: Zolotarev in the middle of January tells everyone that he is in a hurry to Mom. It would seem that the free will - if you are in a hurry - go right now! But no, he is in a hurry, but not now, but in a month. He hurries so much that he refuses to go with the well-known Sogrin and gets into the company to the practically unfamiliar Dyatlov (although, for the sake of objectivity, it should be clarified that he was already familiar with Dyatlov and Kolevatov from the New Year celebration on Kourovka camp site). However, we remember that even before the campaign - during the parting with Yuri Yudin in the village of Severny-2 - Igor Dyatlov postponed the check-in date of return for 2 days! The date of return to Vizhay is shifted by the leader of the campaign from February 12 to February 14. Accordingly, the date of appearance in Sverdlovsk is moved to the 16th day, or even 17. Thus, the break with the group of Sogrin generally shrinks to 1-2 days! And what does Zolotarev win in the end?
And now we will simulate the logic of Zolotarev: when the return of Djatlov's group to Vizhay is scheduled for February 9 (that is, the difference in the dates for the return of groups to Sverdlovsk is a week), he declares that he must hurry to catch up with his mother and on this basis asks for transfer to group of Djatlov. Then the city headquarters postpones the date of return to Vijay on February 12, but Zolotarev still continues to talk about the trip to his mother and seeks the same translation. Finally, already on the route there is another shift in the time of return, in fact "eating up" the entire difference between the groups of Djatlov and Sogrin, but Semyon Zolotarev now does not mention his mother, but remains with the group. But if Semyon really needed to get to his mother, as they say, "blood from the nose," then on January 28 he should go back to Sverdlovsk together with Yudin. However, Zolotarev does not do this - he completely calmly takes the next transfer of the deadline. We do not know anything - neither from the diary of the group, nor from the memories of Yuri Yudin - about conflicts or disputes within the group about this. It seems that Zolotarev reacted indifferently to the movement, she did not bother him.
It is completely frivolous to assume that it was the gain in time in 1 or 2 days that could motivate Semyon Zolotarev to move from the Sogrin group to the Djatlov group. The case was clearly covered in something else. We venture to assume that all of Zolotarev's talks about an urgent trip to the Caucasus initially pursued the only goal - to justify in the eyes of others the inclusion in the group of Igor Dyatlov. It would seem that it prevented him immediately ask to march with the latter? It seems that there was a reason for such behavior. Most likely, Zolotarev was not sure that the Dyatlov would want to take him with him. After all, the idea of a winter campaign to Otorten Dyatlov began to be hatched with friends in November 1958 and Igor had the opportunity to personally select participants. It is unlikely that Zolotarev could get into their number, if he just came to Igor Dyatlov and asked for a group in him. Therefore, we are unlikely to be mistaken if we say that Zolotarev actually acted as a good manipulator of people - first he convinces others in one, and as a result did another. And to switch from the group of Sogrin to the group of Djatlov, apparently, it was not very simple, because the personal composition of the groups was approved by the city tourist headquarters. In any case, this procedure, let's say, had a formalized character and it is unlikely that such issues were resolved in one day.
It is noteworthy that the protocols of the investigation did not mention the issue of the transfer of Zolotarev from the Sogrin group to the group of Dyatlov. This is one of many "silence zones" associated with Semyon, past which, at first glance, the investigation could not pass. Too much Zolotarev fell out of a number of other dead tourists! And nevertheless, investigator Ivanov did not have any questions about the personalities of the deceased. Rather, not quite so, most likely, such questions were still asked, but the responses received were not found in the case. It is possible that this happened for a reason - if Zolotarev was secretly helped by the KGB agents at the level of the city headquarters or the "Politech" tourist club (and apparently there were some without it), then it was impossible to fix this aid in official investigative documents. Everything had to look as if the situation had resolved itself: the person asked for the transfer, he was transferred!
So, there is a serious candidate for participation in a controlled delivery operation - this is Semyon Zolotarev. However, one "supervisor" is not enough, and for a number of reasons. First, 24-hour surveillance is necessary for the cargo, and one person can not provide it because of obvious physiological considerations: he needs to sleep, he must retire for intimate departures, and at that time control over the "program" can be lost. Secondly, the observations and inferences of one observer are always subjective and even the most honest state security officer has occasion to temptation to emphasize personal merits in the hard job of illegal work. And not just to emphasize, but also to exaggerate, and to dream. Therefore, the second pair of eyes - it is always also additional control, without which in a serious matter in any way.