Why Rustem Slobodin froze first?
Rustem Slobodin was not only a good athlete. He was also a risky guy. In the summer of 1958 Rustem together with his father made a pedestrian crossing from the city of Frunze (present Bishkek) to Andijan. This 300-kilometer trek took place in a mountainous sparsely populated area (western Tien Shan), and the epithet "sparsely populated" in this case is synonymous with the word "dangerous". The less populated the area, the more dangerous are the occasional meetings. Especially when ethnic Russian travelers get to meet with Kyrgyz, Uighurs, Uzbeks, Dungans and representatives of other peoples, very unlike them, their mentality. Of course, it is possible to remember internationalism and the brotherhood of working people during such meetings, but it is always advisable to keep a knife and an ax under one's hand - these arguments always prove to be more weighty than those mentioned "internationalism" and "brotherhood". The author is well aware of the specific manifestations of the "brotherhood of peoples" in the USSR, because he had the good fortune to study for three years in the same class with Kazakh children who sincerely hated Russians only because they did not have fleas. It was some 20 years after the Slobodins' march along the western Tien Shan, but even at the end of the "golden" 70s, Kazakh children copulated with donkeys to the approving shouts of the elders. The author has observed such scenes repeatedly and therefore clearly understands that Rustem Slobodin and the wild inhabitants of the Tien Shan in the summer of 1958 shared not just a mentality - they were surrounded by a real civilizational abyss. Russians are not that they hate - the epithet is too one-dimensional and does not convey the whole specifics of interethnic relations - the Russians were simply envious of their white skin, the smell of soap and the fact that they did not have fleas. The Russians, of course, were not killed behind every corner, but in the wild without waiting for anyone's eyes to wait from an occasional oncoming person, everyone could ...
As you know, Nikolai Miklukho-Maklay cheerfully flocked to the Polynesian cannibals and returned back whole and relatively unscathed. He won the friendship of savages with glass beads and the ability to smoke a pipe, releasing smoke from his nostrils. If Miklouho-Maclay went to the Tien-Shan in the summer of 1958, he would not get rid of such aborigines from the local Aborigines. Moreover, with good reason, we can assume that he would not return from such a trip at all. For the Tien Shan was then a more dangerous place than Polynesia. Nevertheless, Slobodina's father and son successfully passed the pedestrian route to Andijan, where Rustem's older brother worked. This transition is very eloquent evidence of the nature of both travelers - they believed in their strength, they relied on each other in everything and they were ready to stand up for themselves. In fact, this trip is the best characteristic of Rustem as a tourist, as a friend and as a man.
And when the group of Igor Dyatlov was on the slope of the Holat-Chahyl under the guns (or machine guns) of strangers, it seems that it was Rustem Slobodin who dared to resist the force from the unknown origin of the threat. It happened after Zolotarev and Thibault Brignol had fled to the side and disappeared in the dark - we can confidently assume this, because the remaining members of the group have already dropped their jackets and started to take off their shoes. Slobodin did this, outwardly showing complete submission. When it came to removing the shoes, Rustem, using the opportunity to bend down, not attracting attention, apparently raised the Finnish knife Kolevatov, previously thrown into the snow, and, snatching the blade from its scabbard, tried to attack the nearest enemy. We do not know if he wanted to kill this man or just disarm, putting the "Finn" to his throat, but this fierce attack caused an equally furious rebuff. Slobodin was beaten for real, no longer for warning, not for intimidation, but for the purpose of mutilating; he received several heavy blows to the head, capable of knocking anyone out, he was hit by a low foot injury (on the lower third of the left shin there were two well-recognizable abrasions) and the snow fell. We see in him a crack in the skull (on the left side), and bilateral hemorrhages in the temporal muscles, and abrasions and scratches on the forehead, and abrasions on the left cheekbone, and in the upper eyelid of the right eye. Do I have to mention bleeding from the nose? Rustem had blood from his nose ... All that we see from bodily harm is purely boxing and wrestling injuries; after any competition for contact martial arts, go to the locker room to the athletes, but rewrite the injury! You will see a coincidence "one-to-one" with how Rustem was injured. And if to add to it his clenched fists (if more precisely "the deposits of the metacarpophalangeal joints of both hands"), and the skin and bruises on the lower part of the right forearm (like Yuri Doroshenko!), Then the question "is the fact of a fight at the top of the tent confirmed ? "Ceases to be a question and turns into an unambiguous statement.
The fight with Rustem Slobodin really was. There is a rather unexpected, although indirect confirmation - the separate finding of the Finnish knife Kolevatov and its scabbard. Knife, as you know, the search engines found in March 1959 in a tent, but the textolite scabbard from it - only in May, after it snows in the vicinity of the installation of the tent. Conversations about the "mysterious" scabbard, supposedly, of unknown accessory, are meaningless, because in the presence of Yuri Yudin these scaffolds Rimma Kolevatova was officially recognized as belonging to her brother; they were returned to her by the investigation.
In this story, it is interesting first of all that the sheath turned out to be without a belt, in other words, the master had to unbuckle the waist belt first to remove the scabbard, and then back it up. Manipulation itself is rather strange, because a knife suspended in a sheath does not cause the wearer any inconvenience, you quickly get used to it and stop noticing it, you can even sleep with it without any problems. But Kolevatov for some reason decided to get rid of the scabbard. Okay, so be it. But apart from this, the knife was removed from the sheath outside the tent. If Kolevatov really saved his friends from under the snow slump and cut his tent with his "fink" from the inside, the picture should have been directly opposite - the abandoned scabbard is in the tent, and the knife is outside it. But this is not! We see that something prompted Alexander Kolevatov to remove a knife with scabbards from the belt and throw them into the snow, as if they were unnecessary to him - and this action is completely absurd in the case of any non-criminal scenario of events. Why get rid of a knife that does not bother the owner, but on the contrary, dramatically increases its chances of survival in an uncertain environment? The logic in removing the scabbard from the belt and throwing out the knife can only be in case of forced disarmament, that is, the execution of the team under threat of reprisal. And the threats are obvious, undeniable and irresistible in those conditions. At least Kolevatov just so this threat and regarded.
You can, of course, assume that Kolevatov took the knife in the tent, cut the ramp into it, and then threw the knife in the same place, in the tent. Assumption, of course, the stupidest, going against the truth of life (as, indeed, all the speculations of "avalanche"), since the normal owner of the "numbered" knife, that is, registered in the police department, having a sheath on his belt, will never put down the knife aside and will not forget about him. He always remembers that he is responsible for this "Finn" and, moreover, a serious one - up to 5 years of imprisonment (we recall the above-quoted text of Article 182 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR in the redaction of 1926 with additions from 1933 and 1935). "Avalanche" can object to this, that Kolevatov was eager to pull his wounded friends from under the rubble, so he was in such a hurry that even the "scabbard" could not put it into the scabbard ... It only remains to dissolve the hands, because this argument is absurd: Kolevatov, hurrying to the rescue , throws the "Finn" aside, and then starts to remove the sheath from the belt for something, which by definition is a much longer process.
Whatever one may say, there is no way to find any ordinary explanations for finding a scabbard outside the tent. It is clear that Kolevatov took them there and it is clear that at that time the scabbard was with a knife, otherwise such a removal would not make any sense. And it is impossible to believe that Alexander did these strange manipulations of his own free will. Simply because he had permission to carry this weapon and was criminally responsible for its safety. So just to give it away or put aside could not. But after Kolevatov put his "Finn" in the scabbard in the snow, someone tried to use this knife. This fact is clearly indicated by the fact that the scabbard was empty.
As the reader has understood from the previous text, the author sees Rustem Slobodin as the person who grabbed the "fin" of Kolevatova from the scabbard. There are no objective confirmations, except for excessive on the background of the other members of the group, injuring Rustem. They beat him too much, as they say, they overcame him, he was not just knocked down, but "completely cut down". That is why Slobodin remained in the same felt-boots: the first he took off himself before grabbing the knife, and after the beating no one began to pull off the second felt from the insensible body.
The massacre of Rustem was the apotheosis of the scene at the tent. Suppressed by everything seen and heard, they do not understand the essence of what is happening, the tourists have already obediently performed the last command of their tormentors: "Get out of here, while you are safe!" Having picked up Rustem Slobodin, who was not fully come to life, the tourists pulled down the slope, intuitively realizing not to step in the direction of the lab - who knows, suddenly the robbers will want to visit and go there!
"Dyatlovtsy" did not run - they had no reason to flee, as the torturers themselves released them on all four sides. Their first reaction to the incident was quite understandable - they were relieved that the extremely shameful, disgusting and senseless scene of their general humiliation and beating had ended. The weather was relatively warm - about -5 ° C -7 ° C - and against the background of psychoemotional stress experienced by tourists, this cold did not seem prohibitive or even dangerous. Very soon - literally a few dozen meters from the tent - the escort group was joined by the escapees Zolotarev and Thibault Brignoles. Movement down the slope of the united group took place at a lively discussion of the incident, and the discussion is very polemical and even conflicting. Zolotarev knew more than others and had the most extensive life experience, it is obvious that he offered a plan, perhaps even imposed it on the rest of the group. What this action plan was, we will never know and can only guess about it.
We know that the tracks down the slope that converged, then parted, although they had a common direction, and the descendants clearly did not lose the voice contact. They certainly talked on the move, vigorously proving and convincing dissenters. What does this show? Objectively, nothing, or rather, just that the tourists descending the slope had the intention of sticking together. However, for the psychologist in this strange "swarming of traces" ("swarming" - from the word "swarm", if someone is not clear) there is a lot of meaning. "Dyatlovtsy" intuitively divided into groups "according to preferences": when someone suggested a reasonable plan of action, supporters moved to him, when another reasonable proposal followed - people went to him. This does not mean that the "dyatlovtsy" ran from one heral to another - no! it is a movement of the unconscious, unconscious, happening as if by itself.
Here it remains to regret once again that the wise investigators have not carried out a detailed study of the track tracks to the Lozva Valley. If this were done, then after the discovery of the corpses, the prints on the snow could be put in line with the concrete person: here Lyudmila Dubinna walks along with Dyatlov for 150 meters, and then goes to Zolotarev and then continues descending beside him; and Kolevatov always remains near Semen Zolotarev; but Rustem Slobodin goes a little apart from the rest of the tourists and in general conversation as if does not participate ... We could see the trajectory of each of the participants of the descent and the study of tracks very much could tell us about the distribution of the members of the group on the preferences of opinions in the last hours of their lives . And the findings, I think, would be a good explanation for the peculiarities of dividing tourists from cedar.
But - alas! - speak about this only in the subjunctive mood.
Concluding on this conversation about the events near the tent and the subsequent departure of the group down the hill, it remains to point to another important point, constantly ignored by all the supporters of the "non-criminal" versions. We are talking about the notorious "evacuation of the seriously wounded" in the Lozva Valley, an act very touching, but completely unreal in that situation. Eugene V. Buyanov talked a lot and pathetic about those miracles that creates a "will to live" with a person and even brought some incredible examples from the history of mountaineering, from which it followed that a 1.5-kilometer descent downhill for a girl with a contusion the wound of the heart (a hemorrhage into the heart muscle 4 cm in size!) - this is such a trifle, about which there is nothing to argue about. From his reasoning it was possible to decide that the Ural girls are almost like a hobby ... Of course, Eugene Vadimovich modestly kept silent about some specific details of the incredible feats of climbers, appointed to be an example, and in fact, as you know, lies the devilry. So, he forgets to mention that foreign alpinists already in the 70s always had amphetamines and analgesics in their medicine kits - that's the first thing! and in addition, they had the time to provide assistance or self-help - this is the second thing! With fractures of the ribs, self-help is reduced to imposing a tight corset, in the simplest version - a tight binding by a towel. Without such a corset, it is not only impossible to move, but one can not even sneeze or cough - the pain in the chest practically deprives the consciousness. In cases with Dubinina and Zolotarev, we see not just a fracture of 5-6-7 ribs, we see multiple fractures, that is, fractures of one rib in several places. It will not be a mistake to say that each of the victims had 10-15 or even 20 fractures. The whole pharmacopeia of Igor Dyatlov's group boiled down to alcohol and codeine tablets, but nobody put a tight corset to the injured. Eugene Vadimovich's conversations that "a person can be mobilized" is just an empty air shake, usually people who have never tried to do so speak about "mobilization". Let the reader apologize for naturalism, but even unbuttoning and taking off his pants turns into a serious problem and in the first days delivers considerable problems. Therefore, it is quite obvious to the author that no person who has received appropriate medical assistance is able to go 1.5 km downhill with multiple "fresh" fractures of the ribs.
But we are not even talking about this - the preamble is just a prelude. The substantive part is contained in those most pious models, the description of the diversity of which the author has devoted several paragraphs above. Eugene V. Buyanov and other supporters of the hypotheses of "non-criminal trauma on the slope" suggest that we believe that the Igor Diatlov group, having found themselves in an intractable stressful situation, acted as a single clockwork mechanism: the tourists dug up the wounded from under the snow layer and led them in a single rush Down the slope, affectionately supporting under his arms, optimistic to decide to return to the tent later. It sounds beautiful, even romantic, it's a pity that the author does not specify exactly which Komsomol songs were sung by the "woodpeckers" at these moments, only Yevgeny Vadimovich's beautiful story sounds completely unrealistic. I will express myself more strongly - this could not be in principle. Simply because the notorious "collective mind" does not work at all the way it wants.
What is it about? The human collective automatically (or "by default") takes only the simplest and most obvious decisions: the bottom of the boat is flowing - it is necessary to scoop out water! Before this obvious thought, everyone sitting in a boat will think up independently and proceed to action unanimously. And here is the question "where to row? and whether it is necessary to row in general or better to repair a faulty engine? "will cause controversy. The higher the intellect of the members of the group, the better they are socialized, the more options for action in complex situations - including paradoxical options - they can offer and justify.
An excellent example of what is called "in the subject" is seen in the history of attempts to save people caught up in the skyscrapers of the World Trade Center in New York during the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001. It would seem that for all buildings cut off on the upper floors, the situation after the aircraft rams was obvious and unambiguous: at the bottom of the fire, there is fire and smoke, elevators are immobilized, fire escape stairs do not reach ... How to escape? At first glance, in such a situation, there is not much to choose from, but unanimity among the blocked ones was not observed at that time: most went up, hoping to get out on the roof and evacuated by helicopters, and the other, on the contrary, moved downwards - into the fire zone. The paradoxical solution brought some of these people salvation - they managed to pass through the smoke area due to the fact that the fire in the first minutes after the airplane explosions had a focal character and did not completely block the floors. These people passed through the fire zone, safely descended and survived.
And now we will realistically assess the situation near the tent in the case of "non-criminal injury" to a part of the group (avalanche, snowboard, gondola of an aerostat, rolling an air bomb, a herd of bears-rods, a herd of moose, etc.). Who said that immediately taking the wounded down the slope is the best way out? There is no doubt that there would be plenty of "optimal exits" in a stressful situation, and moreover, in a state of acute time pressure. More precisely, each member of the group would have its own "optimal way out": one would demand to take knives and axes out of the tent, the other would say that one should not go down the slope without shoes, the third would categorically insist on searching for a flask with alcohol (for it will be necessary to fight with frostbite!).
The withdrawal of the group down the slope of the Kholat-Sahyl without outer clothing, mittens, shoes and weapons was by no means an optimal option for saving the wounded, even if one believed that the wounding of Zolotaryov, Dubinina and Thibault Brignol really happened in the tent for some unofficial reasons. Maybe someone would have engaged in this senseless business, but someone would certainly refuse to waste energy and time on this suicidal occupation and would stay near the tent with the goal of getting the things thrown there. Even under the threat of a new avalanche. Because, whether a new avalanche will come or not is unknown, but without death boots, mittens and quilted jackets, death will inevitably follow! And to portray the case as if the tourists did not understand this, it means, in advance, to deceive them, to belittle their common sense and ingenuity.
Tourists, of course, are peculiar people, but even their unconditioned reflexes have the same hierarchy as the rest of the rational humanity. Fear of death is the most powerful of unconditioned reflexes controlling the behavior of beings capable of higher nervous activity. If near the tent tourists from the group of Igor Dyatlov were not threatened with unconditional death, they would not leave her with the whole staff - someone would have stayed. There would be this person alone, or there would be a few, we can not know for certain, yes it does not matter. It is important that no "general decision of the group" or "unconditional order of Dyatlov" could not overcome this reflex.
However, as we see, this did not happen - the group left the tent in full force and in a relative order. Hence, the fear of death for tourists was associated with the stay near the tent. Hence, the night in the forest in their opinion gave them a greater chance of survival than staying in the camp. With all the wealth of imagination and hypotheses, one can not but admit that the source of such fear could only be a criminal factor.
When driving down the slope, the Dyatlovites could use the flashlight for a while, but at a distance of 400-450 meters from the tent the battery of the latter was discharged and the battery was thrown in the vicinity of the 3rd stone ridge. There he was later found and search engines. This part of the path, apparently, was passed by the group most quickly - it was affected by both general excitement and the adrenaline rush into the blood, and the presence of a light source. However, after the flashlight was thrown, the further movement of the group was already in the dark. It should be clarified that the darkness was not absolute, because even at night in the snow-covered forest you can distinguish the nearest objects because of their contrast with the snow, however, the rate of movement of the group has slowed dramatically. In addition, as the descent to the border of the forest on the way "dyatlovtsev" more often came dwarf trees, requiring the rebuilding of the group in order to bend them, which introduced additional inhibition. If it took about 5 minutes or even less to overcome the first 400 m of the group, then the next 600 m required for ten minutes or even a quarter of an hour (and this is quite a reasonable estimate). Somewhere there, at a point, at a distance of about 1 km from the tent, the group fell behind and Rustem Slobodin fell into the snow.
Rustem lost consciousness and, accordingly, the ability to move independently, about the 20th minute from the moment of injury, which fully corresponds to the picture of the cerebral trauma he received. It is well known that people who have suffered the heaviest knockout and who received a severe closed brain injury can recover and for some time demonstrate satisfactory health (until the intracranial hemorrhage begins to put pressure on the meninges). Soccer players can continue the game, the boxer can break into a fight ... well-known video recordings of athletes who received death craniocerebral injuries during the competition, but at the same time show complete self-control and external well-being for a while. After 10-20 minutes, it ends with a call to the team physician first, and then - the paramedics brigade. This phenomenon of the seeming vigor of an already actually dying person is sometimes very accurately called "deferred death." By the way, the speed of development of the process is significantly affected by the motor activity of the victim and the temperature of the environment - both slow the growth of hemorrhage.
The disappearance of Rustem Slobodin no one noticed - the group went ahead without paying attention to the straggler comrade. Rustem was killed first, this is clearly indicated by the high temperature of his body at the time of the fall on the slope (recall that under him were discovered the so-called "bed of corpse", a layer of melted snow that appears when the warmth is still on the ground "The bed of the corpse" was present only at the location of the body of Slobodin, the rest of the "Dyatlovtsy" found on the slope and near the cedar were already very chilled by the time they fell to the ground).
Place of death of Rustem Slobodin