- "How are you?" Foreigners have to respond to this duty question on duty "Okay, thanks!". At all of us not so. Because "good" or "bad" is an unambiguous concept. Our man knows that there is nothing unequivocal in life. And this must also be explained ... Therefore, do not be surprised if you are told everything about life, work and affairs.
- If we want to call a waitress, we shout "girl!", If we appeal to a 40-year-old woman, we call her "girl". Any woman who turns her tongue to a "girl", for them - a girl. For older people, the more appropriate treatment is "woman." With men, the same situation. Up to 40 years, this "young man", for the elderly "man."
In addition, during the Soviet era, an asexual "comrade" was considered an official address. "Girl" is still more affectionate and polite.
- We do not smile at strangers. This for us is even somehow strange. Because our people do not like falsehood. If a stranger smiles at you, it's hardly good, rather the opposite. Sincere smiles are for friends, relatives and loved ones. Therefore, if you do not smile in return - this does not mean disrespect or discontent.
- Christmas tree - for the New Year. Gifts for the New Year. New Year is the main winter holiday. Christmas marks far fewer people, and is much more modest. This is a consequence of decades of Soviet power, which in every possible way belittled the religious holiday. Before the revolution in Russia, Christmas was much more important than the New Year. For the new year it is customary to put live spruce or pine in the apartment. Some families do not throw them out until the spring.
- We sit down at the table, have supper and talk. Then we just talk, then we still eat and talk, then we drink tea and talk and even going home, we, while standing on the threshold, talk for some time. In general, we like to eat by talking, or talking under food. In short, we love and eat and talk. On the table it is accepted to serve with many dishes (salads, snacks, hot dishes and cakes). At the table, everyone must make toasts. The presence of alcohol is mandatory. Even if it is a children's holiday, celebrate as usual.
example of serving a traditional festive table, such dishes are present on most holidays
- Many in homes have disposable polyethylene bags. They are not thrown out and used for repeated purchases in stores.
Thrift is from the poverty inherent in our society for more than one century. Many try to save on everything.
- It is not customary for a Russian to go to visit without a present. It can be a cake or wine for dinner, chocolate or flowers (provided that they are not even number). In fact, it does not matter what, the main thing is to bring something. Because "Well, do not come with empty hands" is disrespect for the owners of the house.
- Flowers give only an odd number (1-3-5, etc.). An even number is brought only to the cemetery.
Pagan beliefs treat even numbers - as symbols of death and evil. Remember the saying "trouble does not come alone"?
Many ancient cultures, paired numbers associated with completeness, completion, in this case - the life path. In other countries, flowers, as a rule, are sold by dozens: half a dozen, a dozen, etc.
- In the bath you have to steam with a broom. Venik performed in the house of Russian people, even in pre-Christian times, an important function. They were driven away by evil forces. The broom put to the wall served as a kind of amulet. The broom drove the disease out of the body, from where the tradition began to steam with him in the bathhouse. In fact, whipping with a broom is a religious rite, at the same time you can wash yourself.
brooms can be birch, oak, spruce
- Pay for the women. Russia is a rather patriarchal country, where many old stereotypes are still alive. According to them - the man is the getter, and the woman gets the strongest, able to provide decent food to her and the offspring. Therefore, man's generosity, readiness to feed (read: pay) is a manifestation of strength and power. This is the same as letting ladies go forward or give way to her place.
Now many social roles are blurred, but some traditions continue to live without any logical explanations. It's just that it's accepted.
- In an apartment, Russians do not usually walk in street shoes. Everyone wears home shoes, slippers or go barefoot.
- The Russians do not greet and do not say goodbye "across the threshold."
To greet or say goodbye to Russian people took place, it is imperative that both are on the same side of the threshold. Otherwise you can not: a bad omen.
- Before the trip, the Russian needs to "sit on the path".
When the suitcase is packed, and you can already go to the airport or the station, the Russian person does not rush to the threshold: first you need to sit down and sit in silence for a minute or two. Incidentally, a very practical ritual - at the same time you can remember if you have forgotten something important.
- Russian children are brought up by grandmothers.
The life style of a person after retirement in Russia and in other countries differs radically: European and American pensioners enjoy life for themselves - travel, start new hobbies, move to new places, go to detachment, sometimes get divorced and start new relationships. Finally, you can relax from work! And for a Russian pensioner - especially for a grandmother - the even more important time is coming: the time to take care of the children of their own children, who are too busy with work and personal life, to pay enough attention to the kids.
- Russians keep huge dogs in small apartments.
Sometimes Russian dog breeders manage to get a huge pet in a tiny apartment - completely incomprehensible behavior for foreigners, who generally keep dogs in suburban homes. Unhappy big dog in a small apartment hinders, bored, barking loudly, causing disapproval of neighbors and sometimes even being exiled to the balcony (where it continues to interfere). The dog on the balcony is an incomprehensible phenomenon for a foreigner.
- Russian girls wear shoes on their heels for a walk.
Russian girls are very fond of dressing up: the habit of wearing a beautiful dress and doing makeup to run to the store for bread, foreigners have known for a long time. But Russian fashionable women of recent years have stepped on: they are so good at walking on their heels, that they go literally everywhere, even on the beach
- Russians are willing to live with their parents.
In many countries, people aspire to become independent as soon as possible and fling out from under the parental wing. But in Russia it's normal to stay with your parents - because renting an apartment is expensive, and there is still no money to buy "because it's so convenient or customary." Sometimes it happens that in one apartment all live - parents with children, who are already parents themselves.
Separate mention deserves signs from drivers on the roads.
Two or three flashing alarms means: "Thank you!". It activates, if the driver gave way, missed, and so on. In general, a sign of gratitude.
If in the dark, the car ahead flashes an alarm, then you blind the driver with the light of your headlights.
The double flashing of the main beam means that ahead of the DPS post, radar or on the road ahead of the obstacle, slow down. After you saw that the headlight of a headlamp blinked to you, wave it with your hand as a token of gratitude.
If behind you the driver flashes in your back with the main beam of the headlights, it means: "Skip, hurry."
Also, the main beam blink in the event that the driver of the oncoming car goes to a dangerous overtaking and you quickly shorten the distance between them. Such a signal means: "Go back!".
Flashing with the turn signals
A short flashing of the left turn signal means: "A meeting, do not overtake!". As above, heavy-duty cars use this sign. They help drivers who have limited visibility because of them, it is safe to overtake the car.
As a rule, if the rally is busy and overtaking is not possible, the driver of the heavy truck will wink at the left turn signal, and as soon as the road is free enough for overtaking, the driver of the multiton car flashes the right turn signal.
If the driver of the wagon helped you overtake him - thank you, blinking an emergency.
In cities, the speed is limited to 60 km/h (37 mph), in some places the restriction can be 40 or 20 km/h (25 or 12 mph). Most do not comply with the speed limit and exceed the speed limit by 20-30 km/h. (up to 55mph)
Outside the city, the speed limit is 90 km/h (56 mph). Also, many exceed the speed by 20-40 km/h (up to 80 mph). Some accelerate to 160-180 km/h. and above (more than 110 mph). Even faster, no one usually drives, not because they can not, but because the quality of roads is very poor and high speeds are very dangerous. In any case, it is customary to slightly exceed the speed limit by 5-15 km/h (5-10mph). And all who are very much exceeding the speed - create a danger to other participants in the movement and often provoke an accident.
Culture of behavior on the roads of Russia
In Russia, aggressive driving is very common. Frequent changes from one row to another. Overtaking and undercutting. Riding along the roadside. Passage to the red signal of the traffic light (always at the beginning of the traffic at the intersection on the green signal, you are convinced that no one is going to red on the perpendicular street).
All cars in Russia are required to use the low beam.