Chapter8 (Further searches)

Attention: this article contains images of corpses exposed to physical and natural influences.

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Further searches. Detection of the body of Rustem Slobodin.
Let's return, however, to the chronicle of events on the pass. On March 5, the day after the dissection of the bodies found in Ivdel, the corpse of Rustem Slobodin was discovered. The body was on the slope of the Holat-Sahyl almost in the middle of the path between the points in which the bodies of Zina Kolmogorova and Igor Dyatlov had previously been found. According to the investigator, to the place where Kolmogorov fell, the distance did not exceed 150 m up the slope, and the one where the Dyatlovs died 180 m down. Slobodin lay almost in a straight line from the tent to the cedar, like his comrades found before on the slope.





The body was under a layer of snow with a thickness of 12-15 cm and was oriented head up the slope. The position of the corpse is on the chest, the left arm is diverted to the side, the right hand is clenched into the fist and pressed to the chest, the right leg, shod in the boots, is pulled to the stomach, the left is stretched. Rustem Slobodin's first (and only) person from the group Dyatlov described "bed of a corpse," characteristic for freezing thawing of snow under the body, which during subsequent cooling forms a recognizable icing. The thickness of the thawing zone was 5-7 cm; in addition to the "corpse bed" witnesses noted another sign of dying in the cold - the formation of icicles on the face (eyebrows, bristles) and icicles (however, the criminalistic significance of both signs should not be exaggerated, icicles and hoarfrost on whiskers and stubble are formed in quite live people - the speed of the wind and the humidity of the air are more important than the fact of freezing). The "corpse bed" is also not evidence of death from hypothermia - its appearance means only that the body fell on the snow being still warm enough and for some time from it there was a noticeable heat transfer to the surrounding space. It is the latter circumstance in the context of this essay that is of great importance).
   The deceased was dressed better than his comrades found earlier: the torso was protected with a long sleeve shirt, a warm knit shirt with a start, a shirt, a cowboy, a cotton sweater, the lower part of the body - pants, training satin pants and ski trousers, four pairs of cotton and vigonian socks. On his right foot, in addition, was shoe boots. On his left hand were the hours, stopped at 8:45. On the chest under the sweater were two felt boots from shoes, and in the shirt pocket lay 310 rubles. and the passport of the deceased. Also in the pockets were found a penknife, a pencil, a pen, a comb in a plastic case, a box of matches with 48 matches, and a cotton sock.


Forensic medical examination of Rustem Slobodin's body. Unspecified questions and unanswered answers ...



The forensic medical examination of the corpse by Rustem Slobodin was carried out on March 8, 1959 by Boris Vozrozdenyi, an expert of the Regional Bureau of the SME, already mentioned in this essay. He described the following injuries to the deceased (see the corresponding diagram):
   - small abrasions of a brownish-red color on the forehead, above them two scratches up to 1.5 cm long, the distance between them 0.3 cm (pos.1);
   - in the upper eyelid of the right eye, an abrasion of a brownish red color 1.0 * 0.5 cm with hemorrhage into the underlying tissues (pos.2);
   - traces of discharge of blood from the nose (pos.3);
   - the lips are swollen;
   - the right half of the face is "somewhat edematic", on it there are many small abrasions of irregular shape (pos.4);
   - on the left side of the face, abrasions of the same nature, among them an abrasion measuring 1.2 * 0.4 cm in the region of the left zygomatic hillock (pos.5);
   - In the region of the metacarpophalangeal joints of both hands (in common parlance - the knuckles of the kulaks), the deposition of the protruding parts on the segments measuring 8.0 * 1.5 cm (pos.7);
   - on the ulnar edge of the left hand (the edge of the palm), the brown-cherry color precipitation is 6.0 * 2.0 cm with the transition to the lateral surface of the little finger (pos.8);

- In the lower part of the right forearm from the back surface, the absence of epidermis in the 2.5 * 3.0 cm and 3.5 * 1.5 cm sections (pos.6);
   - on the lower third of the outer surface of the left tibia, the sediments are dark red in size 2.5 * 1.5 cm and 4.0 * 1.5 cm (pos.9).
   The injuries of Rustem Slobodin in the context of the incident with the group are very interesting and differ markedly from those that were noted by his comrades. But the most unexpected discovery was made by Boris Alekseevich at an internal investigation of the body. The expert found:
   - in the areas of the right and left temporal muscles, diffuse hemorrhages with impregnation of soft tissues;
   - from the anterior edge of the left temporal bone, forward and upward a crack up to 6.0 cm long and with a margin divergence of up to 0.1 cm, the crack is located from the arrow-shaped seam at a distance of 1.5 cm;
   - discrepancies of the temporomandibular seam of the skull bones left and right (defined as postmortem).
   In addition, the forensic physician in his act described the following significant details, important for understanding what happened to Rustem Slobodin:
   - bones of the base of the skull are intact;
   - Absence of pronounced hemorrhage in the subarctic membranes;
   - presence of bluish-reddish cadaver spots on the back surface of the neck, trunk and extremities.
   Realizing that the injuries described by them are very serious, the expert pointed out: "This closed trauma of the skull is caused by a blunt instrument. At the time of its appearance, it undoubtedly caused a state of short-term stunning of Slobodin and facilitated the quickest freezing of Slobodin. Taking into account the above-mentioned bodily injuries, Slobodin could move and crawl in the first hours from the moment of their infliction. " And he concluded the final conclusion: "(...) Slobodin's death came as a result of his freezing."

The document in Boris Alekseevich turned out to be extremely interesting. His analysis leads to rather unexpected results.
   In fact, it is well known that the freezing person deteriorates coordination of movements and slows down the reaction rate. Anyone who has ever been freezes, knows how muscles rustle, body ownership deteriorates, irritating awkwardness of movements appears. In this case, a freezing person can fall and fall unsuccessfully - with fractures of bones and skin damages on the nast, stones, branches of plants. Damage to the limbs of people who died from hypothermia, abrasions on the hands, knees and face are well known to forensic doctors and have been described for a long time. The appearance of these skin lesions is very similar to the traces of struggle or resistance, in other words, the hands of the deceased are at times broken as if he were fighting. There is a more or less reliable statistics of bodily injuries among people who died from hypothermia (such, for example, is given in BP Desyatov's book "Death from hypothermia", from Tomsk State University, Tomsk, 1977), from which it follows that abrasions on the hands are noted in about 33% of those who froze in a sober state, and of knees - in 28% (while those who froze in a state of intoxication, these figures are different, but they do not interest us now). The appearance of this kind of abrasion is explained by the fact that a fallen man in the agonistic state can be hammered with a crooked hand on the frozen ground, and the damage will be grouped not in the palm of his hand, but in the back. The same strokes in a state of agony will lead to trauma to the skin on the face and knees.

This, so to speak, in a naked theory, which, with respect to tourists from the Diatlov group, should be applied with a certain reservation. They descended from the mountain, and the downward movement of forensic doctors equates to the movement down the stairs - both types of movements can lead to specific traumatization of a person. The device of our body of equilibrium is such that when it falls, it tends to throw the body forward, not back. Even people falling unconscious or killed in standing position will not fall on their backs, but will fall to the ground either face forward or sideways. This is very clearly seen in the documentary footage of the military chronicle. So the unconditioned reflex of a person insures the spine and the back of the head from accidental trauma when falling backwards.
   However, this saving reflex does not always manage to work when going downhill or on a ladder. Then the person - especially the wounded, frozen or weakened - often falls extremely uncharacteristically for homo sapiens, namely, falling backwards. He can break the back of the head, break the tailbone, etc. Something similar to a similar trauma, the Vozrozdenyi described in Zina Kolmogorova - an extended siege 29 cm long on the right side. The girl, apparently, fell down and hit her waist with a loin about the stone. The natural nature of the origin of this trauma is beyond doubt. And its presence only confirms the validity of the above thesis: the tourists descending the slope could fall not only forward, but also backward. So, the statistics of traumatism of deaths from hypothermia, obtained by the doctor of sciences Tsyatyov, obtained in the conditions of a large city, should be adjusted towards a significant decrease. More precisely, in our analysis, the percentage of probability of injuries to the hands, face and knees should be reduced, but a certain (not equal to zero) probability of trauma to the coccyx, lower back, spine and occiput should appear.

Now back to the analysis of injuries Rustem Slobodin. At first glance it may seem that the damage characteristic of freezing can be seen on his corpse. Those are not the ones!
   First of all, strangeness causes the forensic expert's instruction on the swelling of the deceased person (edemas and the right side of the face). The presence of edema unambiguously indicates that trauma is obtained with active blood flow under the skin, i.e., long before freezing (because with strong cooling of the body the blood flow along the peripheral vessels drops sharply and the blood leaves into internal organs). The trauma that provoked the edema is rather strange, it is bilateral: on the right side it is a trauma of the frontal bone with the formation of a crack length of up to 6 cm and numerous skin abrasions, and on the left - similar abrasions, including one fairly large in the cheekbone region. In this case, the traumatic effect on the left is clearly weaker, there are no fractures and cracks in the bones. It can be understood that the fall of a person with a head on a stone leads to the appearance of a crack in the frontal bone and in this case one-sided damage to the face should be observed. But how can one explain similar damage to the other half of the face? Rolled his head on the stone, like a sandwich from an anecdote, which was smeared with oil on both sides? Absolutely excluded, taking into account the nature of the head injury, because a crack in the skull is a guaranteed knockout, immobility, loss of coordination of movements and orientation in space for a while (knockout does not mean loss of consciousness, it's just a temporary inability to control your body).
   However, in the case of Rustem Slobodin, the forehead's blow against the stone is completely excluded, because the skin in the area of ​​the impact had no abrasions and pronounced injuries. About the crack in this place, Vozrozdenyi learned only when he began trepanation of the skull - before that, nothing indicated the presence there was so much damage (there were no visible abrasions, no cuts, no traces of blood). Striking a blunt object that has a significantly greater hardness than the human skin, such as a hammer, a stone or the sole of a shoe, would necessarily cause the appearance of a recognizable print on the skin, and would lead to its dissection. However, nothing of the kind has been described. Very strange such a blow.


This skull pattern shows the approximate location of the fracture of the frontal bone of Rustem Slobodin. Since the exact size of his head is unknown, the figure is quite conventional. The shaded areas allow us to judge the location of the foci of "diffuse hemorrhages" in the right and left temporal muscles. If you take into account the damage to the face (numerous abrasions and a noticeable edema of its right half), then it will not be a mistake to say that Rustem's head did not have a living place before his death. However, no! - the neck was completely intact, although he must have suffered in the fall of a man descending from the mountain, suffering from a craniocerebral injury and, moreover, chained with cold.


And this sensation of strangeness will only increase if we take into account the damage of the upper right eyelid, i.e., the presence on it of abrasions measuring 1.0 * 0.5 cm. It must be said that this is a rather traumatic injury and, moreover, it is not clear how it was obtained, , continue to believe that the deceased fell right side of the face on the stone. To fall with an eye on a stone, having managed thus not to beat out an eye, not to cut a skin on a cheekbone and to keep in a wholeness an eye still it was not possible to nobody. The eyebrow, however, remained intact, and the cheekbone too. What could be so wound the eyelid on a slope without vegetation? What kind of branch, what kind of stone? Even if we consider that Slobodin fell into a snowdrift with uncontrollable snow in an uncontrollable manner, the appearance of a brownish-red abrasion is still incomprehensible. Nast can cause pinpoint hemorrhages under the skin to make sure of this, enough after the bath to jump not into the hole, but into a snowdrift and see how the snow "croaks", but ... but still not an abrasive circle and sandpaper.
   It is important not to forget that the bones of the skull base of the deceased remained intact. This indication of the forensic expert is very important - it is well known that with the application of a slowly growing load (compression) to the human head, these bones inevitably break. Only a dynamic blow breaks the skull at the point of application of force - this anatomical feature is well known to forensic doctors. So, Rustem Slobodin suffered a few heavy blows to the head on the right and left some time before his death (a quarter of an hour or even more), he had a broken nose and lips, one of the strokes was especially hard - he led to a fissure in the frontal bone and called, in simple terms, a knockout, however, he did not kill the young man and did not deprive him of the ability to move independently. In the end, Slobodin froze - and then the forensic expert Vozrozdenyi in his imprisonment was absolutely accurate and did not curse the truth. The impact that led to the formation of a fissure in the frontal bone, could be fatal, however, did not. Just because Rustem froze earlier. The absence of a strong hemorrhage, which can affect the work of the brain, indicates that this is exactly what happened.
   So, what turns out: Rustem Slobodin, descending the slope of Holatchahl, repeatedly fell, and extremely unsuccessfully, each time not protecting his head from injury. He fell and straight faced in the snow (tearing the skin on his forehead and cheekbones), and right side of the head, and left, he managed so to hit his forehead against the stone, that the frontal bone, one of the strongest human bones, cracked his nose and even the upper eyelid of the right eye managed to peel off something ... but never fell back. Although forensic medicine believes that this kind of fall on the slopes is very likely, especially in people with craniocerebral trauma, as in our case. Nevertheless, Slobodin does not have any significant damage to the back and occiput. Somehow it does not fit one with the other, well, it does not fit at all!

And the sensation of illogicality of this kind of inexplicable "fallibility" will only increase if we recall that Rustem Slobodin is perhaps the most athletic participant in the campaign, a fan of a healthy lifestyle, who was running until the fall, having ranks in skiing and volleyball. It is unlikely that he owned his body worse than others and it is unlikely that he was tired after a short ski crossing stronger than his comrades. However, out of the five found members of the Djatlov group, numerous facial skin abrasions, head swelling and a fissure in the frontal bone are his only.
   The strangeness of what happened to Rustem Slobodin is not exhausted. The forensic expert described the protrusions of the protruding parts of the metacarpal joints of both hands of the deceased and even indicated their dimensions - 8 cm by 1.5 cm. If in common speech, then it is a question of knocked knuckles on both fists. The downed fists are not much like "agonized blows with a crooked hand." First, in a state of agony, a man does not hit with his hands, like an eagle with wings; the dying person does have several convulsive movements, but they have a small amplitude and are more like a convulsion than a punch. Secondly, the crooked hand is still not a clenched fist at all! A blow with a crooked hand must necessarily lead to damage to the fingers, nails and the back of the palm. (Here, a small but appropriate retreat is permissible: when a person comes to a good coach to engage in any kind of "contact" combat that involves strikes with his bare hands, so-called "schools": the basic principles of movement and punches and kicks during the fight.One of such basic principles, the performance of which will require any attentive coach, is precisely that the student would learn how to keep the fists clenched in the fray, the coach will stand over the pupil's soul and ruthlessly beat him on the fingers, tirelessly repeating "clench your fists! clench your fists! hold your fist tight!" until such a habit becomes automatic. it was caused by the experience of many fights - if the fighter does not control the brush of his hand, he will certainly break either his fingers or his wrist. Only in funny Chinese films do evil fingers stretch their fingers in a ridiculous stand ah - in a real duel these fingers will be broken already in the first attack. This is the experience that was bought at the cost of hundreds of thousands and even millions of broken fingers and wrists ...). Meanwhile, assessing the damage to the hands of Rustem Slobodin, we have to say that these injuries were obtained when the fists of the deceased were compressed. Since the convulsive agonizing blows had to lead both to injury of the fingers, and nails, and the back of the palm. In other words, if Slobodin really bumped on the snow and stones with "twisted" hands, then his hands would look like cyanotic pillows. Meanwhile, the Renaissance does not say anything about these kinds of injuries, it specifically points to the siege of the knuckles of the kulaks and even leads to the magnitude of the abrasions ... So, the forensic expert not only saw the damage, but picked up the ruler and measured them ... And nothing more was measured, because there was simply nothing to measure. There was no other damage to the deceased - neither fingers, nor the back of the hands, nor wrists - nothing. Only fists shot down!
   By the way, Igor Dyatlov noted damage to his hands, which are typical for agonizing blows against snow and soil. Therefore, there are no special questions regarding his bodily injuries.

Finally, on the left shin of the deceased there are two more abrasions of a non-obvious, say, origin. On the one hand, their dimensions (2.5 * 1.5 cm and 4.0 * 1.0 cm) seem to be not very large for serious injury, and on the other, are not so small that they could be explained by accidental injury , such as falling on the leg of a can of condensed milk. And the wounds are two, then the impact of the same nature and force was twofold. What could have been the source of such an impact? A branch of a fallen tree? In principle, yes, if you hit the branch of a fallen tree twice, you could injure your shin so. But there are two objections to this assumption: first, the Slobodin corpse was above the forest boundary, and on the body and clothes of the deceased there is no evidence that he entered the forest and was near the fire at the cedar, and secondly, the blows about the knots and branches had to lead to ruptures (or tearing) of clothes. Vozrozdenyi accurately described the state of clothing of the dead tourists and you can be sure that the damage to Slobodin's pants, the expert drew attention and did not forget to indicate them in his act. However, he did not.

So what can these strange bodily injuries mean to Rustem Slobodin?
   In fact, most of all they resemble the injuries of a man beaten up in a fight. And the broken knuckles of both kulaks are no agonistic slaps in the snow and nast. This is a consequence of the attempts of the deceased to strike his opponent. And abrasions on the left shin - this is a trauma caused by the fact that he was hit twice on the shin, knocking his leg out to balance. And if for a moment to accept the version of the fight for true, then everything falls into place - all the injuries of Rustem Slobodin get a logical and consistent explanation.
   However, about who, where and how to try to hit Rustem Slobodin, we still have to talk in detail elsewhere in this essay.
   With the body of Rustman Slobodin, some other oddities are connected, which still puzzles many researchers of the tragedy on Mount Holat-Sahyl. One of them - maceration of the feet of the deceased, or, to put it more simply, "bath" wrinkled skin on the soles of the feet. Another oddity is the discrepancy between cadaveric stains and the actual position of the body at the time of its detection on the slope of the Cholat Sahyl. Conspirologists see in both facts signs of mysterious manipulations with Slobodin's corpse of certain ill-intentioned persons who tried to lead the investigation into a dead end. Even very intricate theories of "dramatization" of crime scenes are displayed, their sophistication vying with heavy schizophrenic delirium. According to these theories, the situation on the slope of the mountain and near the cedar does not correspond to the real one and is the fruit of the purposeful efforts of some large group of very powerful and malicious people. About all sorts of versions of the death of the group Dyatlov detailed discussion yet to be, but for now we note only that the two mysterious phenomena associated with the corpse Slobodina, is not so mysterious as they seem, and can be explained without invoking ingenious "instsenirovschikov director."
   As you know maceration of the feet is directly related to the stay of the feet in a moist environment. It is often observed in men with strongly sweating feet. Military doctors are well aware that even in conditions of total impossibility to soak their feet (for example, when performing service in the desert or steppe), a significant part of the soldiers and officers are observed maceration of the feet. The reason is that servicemen very often, for a variety of reasons, can not replace wet-sweats in a timely manner. It is obvious that with the maceration of Slobodin's legs we have the same case - his feet were sweating heavily, and after a day's transition he did not have time to change his socks. By the way, the fact that under his sweater were found insoles, which he dried on his chest, clearly indicates sweating feet. Slobodin was wet with sweat, not only socks, but insoles.
   Now consider the strangeness in the arrangement of cadaveric spots on the body of the deceased. Slobodin was found in roughly the same position as the Kolmogorov - on her stomach, face down, however, revived the act referred corpse spots on the back of the neck and trunk. However, it is well known that the position of the corpse with his back-up corpse spots should be observed on the abdomen and chest, because that is where the blood will accumulate after the cessation of heartbeat, t. E. There is a contradiction, as if indicating the displacement of the body after death.
   But this is only a contradiction. The revived person took for the corpse stains of a completely different nature, so-called. frosty erythema (expansion of subcutaneous capillaries in the cold, usually observed on open parts of the body). In the 50's. In the last century frosty (cold) erythema, forensic medicine has not yet singled out as an independent sign of death from hypothermia. In the 1953 textbook of M. I. Raisky "Forensic Medicine" on frosty erythema there is not a word. But there is an indication (on page 233) of a change in the color of the corpse stains of the frozen corpses. According to Paradise, when you put the body in a warm room, they lighten, changing color from purple to light red, and then darken again. Frosty erythema also has a light red color that will change when defrosting a corpse, and it is not surprising that the medical examiner Vozrozdenyi thought that sees the corpse spots.